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Zabaras, D., Wylie, S.G., Spooner Hart, R.N., and Tronson, D. 1999. Semiochemicals of rose aphid, black citrus aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) and greenhouse thrips (Thysanoptera: Thripidae). Aust. Zool. 31:403-409.
 
Zada, A., Ben-Yehuda, S., Dunkelblum, E., Harel, M., Assael, F., and Mendel, Z. 2004. Synthesis and biological activity of the four stereoisomers of 4-methyl-3-heptanol: main component of the aggregation pheromone of Scolytus amygdali. J. Chem. Ecol. 30:631-641.
 
Zada, A., Dunkelblum, E., Assael, F., Harel, M., Cojocaru, M., and Mendel, Z. 2003. Sex pheromone of the vine mealybug, Planococcus ficus in Israel: occurrence of a second component in a mass-reared population. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:977-988.
 
Zada, A., Dunkelblum, E., Assael, F., Harel, M., Cojocaru, M., Mendel, Z., and Pellizzari, G. 2001. Identification of a second sex pheromone component of the vine mealybug. Boll. Zool. Agrar. Bach. 33:275 281.
 
Zagatti, P., Bosson, G.A., Etienne, J., Breniére, J., Descoins, C., and Gallois, M. 1983b. Sex pheromone of an African rice borer moth: Chilo zacconius Blesz. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. 3. 296:85-88.
 
Zagatti, P., Desmier de Chenon, R., Lettere, M., and Malosse, C. 1994. Sex pheromones of two limacodid moths, Setothosea asigna Van Eecke and Setora nitens Walker (Lepidoptera). Int. Conf. Insect Phero. Poster.
 
Zagatti, P., Hamadoun, A., Lettere, M., Bordat, D., Gallois, M., and Malosse, C. 1988. Sex pheromone of Sesamia calamistis (Hampson) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. 3. 307:837-840.
 
Zagatti, P., Kunesch, G., and Morin, N. 1981. La vanilline, constituant majoritaire de la sureion aphrodisiaque eise par les androconies du moe de la Pyrale de la Canne sucre: Eldana saccarina (Wlk.) (Lepidoptre, Pyralidae, Galleriinae). C.R. Acad. Sc. Paris 3. 292:633-635.
 
Zagatti, P., Kunesch, G., Ramiandrasoa, F., Malosse, C., Hall, D.R., Lester, R., and Nesbitt, B.F. 1987. Sex pheromones of rice moth, Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. I. Identification of male pheromone. J. Chem. Ecol. 13:1561-1573.
 
Zagatti, P., Lalanne-Cassou, B., Descoins, C., and Gallois, M. 1983a. New results on the sex pheromone of the false codling moth, Cryptophlebia leucotreta Meyr. (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae). Agronomie. 3:75-80.
 
Zagatti, P., Lucas, P., Genty, P., Arango, S., Malosse, C., and Tellier, F. 1996. Sex pheromone of Stenoma cecropia Meyrick (Lepidoptera: Elachistidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 22:1103-1121.
 
Zagatti, P., Renou, M., Malosse, C., Frérot, B., Pavis, C., Lettere, M., Descoins, C., Permana, A., Pivot, Y., and Leclant, F. 1991. Sex pheromone of the European sunflower moth, Homoeosoma nebulellum (Den. & Schiff.) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 17:1399-1414.
 
Zahn, D.K., Moreira, J.A., and Millar, J.G. 2008. Identification, synthesis, and bioassay of a male-specific aggregation pheromone from the harlequin bug, Murgantia histrionica. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:238-251.
 
Zahradnickova, H., and Bouman, E.A.P. 2006. Optimization of the solid-phase microextraction method in the determination of Ixodes ricinus (L.) volatiles. J. Sep. Sci. 29:236-241.
 
Zaki, F.N., El Saadany, G., Gomma, A., and Saleh, M. 1998. Increasing rates of parasitism of the larval parasitoid Bracon brevicornis (Hym., Braconidae) by using kairomones, pheromones and a supplementary food. J. Appl. Entomol. 122:565-567.
 
Zarbin, P.H.G. Moreira, M.A.B., Haftmann, J., Tröger, A., Franke, S., Kopf, J., Mori, K., and Francke, W. 2010. (1R,2S,6R)-2-hydroxymethyl-2,6-dimethyl-3-oxabicyclo[4.2.0]octane, a new volatile released by males of the Papaya borer Pseudopiazurus obesus (Col.: Curculionidae). Org. Lett. 12:2447-2449.
 
Zarbin, P.H.G., Borges, M., Dos Santosa, A.A., De Oliveiraa, A.R.M., Simonellia, F., and De Marques, F.A. 2000. Alarm pheromone system of stink bug Piezodorus guildinii (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 11:424-428.
 
Zarbin, P.H.G., Carla F. Fávaro, C.F., Vidal, D.M., and Rodrigues, M.A.C.M. 2012. Male-produced sex pheromone of the stink bug Edessa meditabunda. J. Chem. Ecol. 38:825-835.
 
Zarbin, P.H.G., De Arrigoni, E.B., Reckziegel, A., Moreira, J.A., Baraldi, P.T., and Vieira, P.C. 2003. Identification of male-specific chiral compound from the sugarcane weevil Sphenophorus levis. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:377-386.
 
Zarbin, P.H.G., Leal, W.S., Avila, C.J., Oliveira, L.J. 2007b. Identification of the sex pheromone of Phyllophaga cuyabana (Coleoptera: Melolonthidae). Tetrahedron Lett. 48:1991-1992.
 
Zarbin, P.H.G., Lorini, L.M., Ambrogi, B.G., Vidal, D.M., and Lima, E.R. 2007a. Sex pheromone of Lonomia obliqua: Daily rhythm of production, identification, and synthesis. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:555-565.
 
Zeeck, E., Bartels-Hardege, H.D., Hardege, J.D., and Wesselmann, G. 1988. Sex pheromones in a marine polychaete: determination of the chemical structure. J. Exp. Zool. 246:285-292.
 
Zeeck, E., Hardege, J.D., and Bartels-Hardege, H.D. 1990. Sex pheromones and reproductive isolation in two nereid species, Nereis succinea and Platynereis dumerilii. Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser. 67:183-188.
 
Zeeck, E., Harder, T., and Beckmann, M. 1998. Uric acid: the sperm-release pheromone of the marine polychaete Platynereis dumerilii. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:13-22.
 
Zeeck, E., Müller, C.T., Beckmann, M., Hardege, J.D., Papke, U., Sinnwell, V., Schroeder F.C., and Francke, W. 1998. Cysteine-glutathione disulfide, the sperm-release pheromone of the marine polychaete Nereis succinea (Annelida: Polychaeta). Chemoecology. 8:33-38.
 
Zeleny, J., Spitzer, K., and Ondracek, J. 1982. Tropical moths (Lepidoptera) attracted by synthetic sex pheromones in Vietnamese agro-ecosystems. Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov. 80:413-418.
 
Zhang, A., and Polavarapu, S. 2003. Sex pheromone of the cranberry blossom worm, Epiglaea apiata. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:2153-2164.
 
Zhang, A., and Polavarapu, S. 2004. Identification of a sex pheromone component for the blueberry leafminer, Caloptilia porphyretica. J. Chem. Ecol. 30:1531-1545.
 
Zhang, A., Facundo, H.T., Robbins, P.S., Linn, Jr., C.E., Hanula, J.L., Villani, M.G., and Roelofs, W.L. 1994. Identification and synthesis of female sex pheromone of oriental beetle, Anomala orientalis (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 20:2415-2427.
 
Zhang, A., Leskey, T.C., Bergh, J.C., and Walgenbach, J.F. 2005. Sex pheromone of the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:2463-2479.
 
Zhang, A.B., Wang, Z.J., Tan, S.J., and Li, D.M. 2003. Monitoring the masson pine moth, Dendrolimus punctatus (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) with synthetic sex pheromone-baited traps in Qianshan County, China. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 38:177-186.
 
Zhang, A.J., Amalin, D., Shirali, S., Serrano, M.S., Franqui, R.A., Oliver, J.E., Klun, J.A., Aldrich, J.R., Meyerdirk, D.E., and Lapointe, S.L. 2004a. Sex pheromone of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus, contains an unusual cyclobutanoid monoterpene. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 101:9601-9606.
 
Zhang, A.J., and Amalin, D. 2005. Sex pheromone of the female pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Green) (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae): biological activity evaluation. Environ. Entomol. 34:264-270.
 
Zhang, A.J., Linn, C., Wright, S., Prokopy, R., Reissig, W., and Roelofs, W. 1999. Identification of a new blend of apple volatiles attractive to the apple maggot, Rhagoletis pomonella. J. Chem. Ecol. 25:1221-1232.
 
Zhang, A.J., Oliver, J.E., Aldrich, J.R., Wang, B., and Mastro, V.C. 2002. Stimulatory beetle volatiles for the Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky). Z. Naturforsch. C. 57:553-558.
 
Zhang, A.J., Oliver, J.E., Chauhan, K., Zhao, B.G., Xia, L.Q., and Xu, Z.C. 2003a. Evidence for contact sex recognition pheromone of the Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Naturwissenschaften. 90:410-413.
 
Zhang, A.J., Robbins, P.S., Averill, A.L., Weber, D.C., Linn, C.E., Jr., Roelofs, W.L., and Villani, M.G. 2003b. Identification of the female-produced sex pheromone of the scarab beetle, Hoplia equina. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:1635-1642.
 
Zhang, A.J., Robbins, P.S., Leal, W.S., Linn, C.E., Jr., Villani, M.G., Roelofs, W.L. 1997. Essential amino acid methyl esters: major sex pheromone components of the cranberry white grub, Phyllophaga anxia (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 23:231-245.
 
Zhang, D., Terschak, J.A., Harley, M.A., Lin, J., and Hardege, J.D. 2011. Simultaneously hermaphroditic shrimp use lipophilic cuticular hydrocarbons as contact sex pheromones. Plos one. 6:e17720.
 
Zhang, G.F., Sheng, C.F., Han, Y., and Meng, X.Z. 2003. Interference with the mate-finding communication system of the Chinese tortrix Cydia trasias (Lep., Olethreutidae) using synthetic sex pheromones. J. Appl. Entomol. 127:282-287.
 
Zhang, G.-W., Ma, X.-Q., Kurihara, H., Zhang, C.-X., Yao, X.-S., Su, J.-Y., and Zeng, L.-M. 2005. New hemiketal steroid from the soft coral Cladiella sp. Org. Lett. 7:991-994.
 
Zhang, H., Fletcher, M.T., Avery, J.W., and Kitching, W. 1997. A suite of odd and even carbon-numbered spiroacetais in Bactrocera latifrons. Synthesis and stereochemistry. Tetrahedron Lett. 38:3477-3478.
 
Zhang, H., Fletcher, M.T., Dettner, K., Francke, W., and Kitching, W. 1999. Synthesis and absolute stereochemistry of spiroacetals in rove beetles ( Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Tetrahedron Lett. 40:7851-7854.
 
Zhang, J., Liu, H., Zhao, W., Liu, J., and Zong, S. 2011. Identification of the sex pheromone of Isoceras sibirica Alpheraky (Lepidoptera, Cossidae). Z. Naturforsch. C. 66:527-533.
 
Zhang, J.J., Chen, J.J., and Li, X.X. 2009. Research progress on medicinal resources of Mylabris and close origin species. J. Chinese Materia Medica. 34:647-650.
 
Zhang, J.-P., Salcedo, C., Fang, Y.-L., Zhang, R.-J., and Zhang, Z.-N. 2012. An overlooked component: (Z)-9-tetradecenal as a sex pheromone in Helicoverpa armigera. J. Insect Physiol. 58:1209-1216.
 
Zhang, J.-T., Han, Y., and Meng, X.-Z. 2001. Sex pheromone of the carpenterworm, Holcocerus insularis (Lepidoptera, Cossidae). Z. Naturforsch. C. 56:423-429.
 
Zhang, J.-T., Jing, X.-Y., Luo, Y.-Q., Li, Z.-W., Zong, S.-X., and Yang, M.-H. 2009. The sex pheromone of the sand sagebrush carpenterworm, Holcocerus artemisiae (Lepidoptera, Cossidae). Z. Naturforsch. C. 64:590-596.
 
Zhang, J.-X., Liu, D., Sun, L., Wei, R., Zhang, G., Wu, H.,Zhang, H., and Zhao, C. 2008. Potential chemosignals in the anogenital gland secretion of giant pandas, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, associated with sex and individual identity. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:398-407.
 
Zhang, J.-X., Soini, H.A., Bruce, K.E., Wiesler, D., Woodley, S.K., Baum, M.J., and Novotny, M.V. 2005. Putative chemosignals of the ferret (Mustela furo) associated with individual and gender recognition. Chem. Senses. 30:727-737.
 
Zhang, J.-X., Sun, L., Zhang, J.-H., and Feng, Z.-Y. 2008. Sex- and gonad-affecting scent compounds and 3 male pheromones in the rat. Chem. Senses. 33:611-621.
 
Zhang, J.-X., Sun, L., Zhang, Z.B., Wang, Z.W., Chen, Y., and Wang, R. 2002. Volatile compounds in anal gland of Siberian weasels (Mustela sibirica) and steppe polecats (M. eversmanni). J. Chem. Ecol. 28:1287-1297.
 
Zhang, L., Chen,H., Ma, C., and Tian, Z. 2010. Electrophysiological responses of Dendroctonus armandi (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to volatiles of Chinese white pine as well as to pure enantiomers and racemates of some monoterpenes. Chemoecology. 20:265-275.
 
Zhang, L.W., and Sun, J.H. 2006. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae) to candidate pheromone components identified in hindgut extracts. Environ. Entomol. 35:1232-1237.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., and Aldrich, J.R. 2003a. Pheromones of milkweed bugs (Heteroptera: Lygaeidae) attract wayward plant bugs: Phytocoris mirid sex pheromone. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:1835-1851.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., and Aldrich, J.R. 2003b. Male-produced anti-sex pheromone in a plant bug. Naturwissenschaften. 90:505-508.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., and Aldrich, J.R. 2004b. Attraction of scavenging chloropid and milichiid flies (Diptera) to metathoracic scent gland compounds of plant bugs (Heteroptera: Miridae). Environ. Entomol. 33:12-20.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., and Aldrich, J.R. 2008. Sex pheromone of the plant bug, Phytocoris calli Knight. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:719-724.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Birgersson, G., Schlyter, F., and Chen, G.F. 2000. Pheromone components in the larch bark beetle, Ips cembrae, from China: quantitative variation among attack phases and individuals. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:841-858.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Chauhan, K.R., Erbe, E.F., Vellore, A.R., and Aldrich, J.R. 2004a. Semiochemistry of the goldeneyed lacewing Chrysopa oculata: attraction of males to a male-produced pheromone. J. Chem. Ecol. 30:1849-1870.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Fredrik Schlyter, F., Chen, G., and Wang, Y. 2007a. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of Ips subelongatus to semiochemicals from its hosts, non-hosts, and conspecifics in China. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:391-404.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Ma, J.-H., Yang, Q.-Q., Byers, J.A., Klein, M.G., Zhao, F.-Y., and Luoe, Y.-Q. 2011a. Olfactory and visual responses of the longlegged chafer Hoplia spectabilis Medvedev (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Qinghai Province, China. Pest Manag. Sci. 67:162-169.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Ma, J.-H., Zhao, F.-Y., Song, L.-W., and Sun, J.-H. 2009a. Aggregation pheromone of the qinghai spruce bark beetle, Ips nitidus Eggers. J. Chem. Ecol. 35:610-617.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Ma, J.-H., Zhao, F.-Y., Song, L.-W., Sun, J.-H., and Cognato, A.I. 2011b. Aggregation pheromone of the Oriental spruce engraver Pseudips orientalis. Agric. Forest Entomol. 13:67-75.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Priesner, E., Wei, H.-X., and Chen, Q.-C. 1993. Sex-attractant and attraction-inhibitors in Chinese larch casebearer, Coleophora sinensis Yang (Lep., Coleophoridae). J. Appl. Entomol. 116:516-522.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Schlyter, F., Chu, D., Ma, X.-Y., and Ninomiya, Y. 1996. Female calling behaviour and response of males to synthetic pheromone and virgin females in spring and summer generations of Hyphantria cunea (Lep., Arctiidae) (Drury) in Northeastern China. J. Appl. Entomol. 120:467-476.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Schlyter, F., Liu, G.-T., Sheng, M.-L., and Birgersson, G. 2007b. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of Ips duplicatus to aggregation pheromone in Inner Mongolia, China: amitinol as a potential pheromone component. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:1303-1315.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Schneidmiller, R.G., Hoover, D.R., Young, K., Welshons, D.O., Margaryan, A., Aldrich, J.R., and Chauhan, K.R. 2006a. Male-produced pheromone of the green lacewing, Chrysopa nigricornis. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:2163-2176.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Sheng, M., Chen, G., Aldrich, J.R., and Chauhan, K.R. 2006b. Iridodial: a powerful attractant for the green lacewing, Chrysopa septempunctata (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Naturwissenschaften. 93:461-465.
 
Zhang, Q.-H., Song, L.-W., Ma, J.-H., Han, F.-Z., and Sun, J.-H. 2009b. Aggregation pheromone of a newly described spruce bark beetle, Ips shangrila Cognato and Sun, from China. Chemoecology. 19:203-210.
 
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Zhou, Z.L. 1996. Preliminary study on the mass sex pheromone trapping against the grape clearwing moth. Acta Phytophylacica Sin. 22:17-21.
 
Zhu, B.C., Henderson, G., Chen, F., Maistrello, L., and Laine, R.A. 2001. Nootkatone is a repellent for Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus). J. Chem. Ecol. 27:523-531.
 
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Zhu, J.-W., and Haynes, K.F. 2004. Sex pheromone components of the bronzed cutworm, Nephelodes minians, a prey species of a bolas spider, Mastophora hutchinsoni. J. Chem. Ecol. 30:2047-2056.
 
Zhu, J.-W., and Park, K.C. 2005a. Methyl salicylate, a soybean aphid-induced plant volatile attractive to the predator Coccinella septempunctata. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:1733-1746.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Cossé, A.A., Obrycki, J.J., Boo, K.S., and Baker, T.C. 1999. Olfactory reactions of the twelve-spotted lady beetle, Coleomegilla maculata and the green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea to semiochemicals released from their prey and host plant: electroantennogram and behavioral responses. J. Chem. Ecol. 25:1163-1177.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Kozlov, M.V., Philipp, P., Francke, W., and Löfstedt, C. 1995a. Identification of a novel moth sex pheromone in Eriocrania cicatricella (Zett.) (Lepidoptera: Eriocraniidae) and its phylogenetic implications. J. Chem. Ecol. 21:29-43.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Löfstedt, C., Philipp, P., Francke, W., Tammaru, T., and Haukioja, E. 1995b. A sex pheromone component to the Geometridae identified from Epirrita autumnata. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 75:159-164.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Obrycki, J., Ochieng, S., Baker, T., Pickett, J., and Smiley, D. 2005b. Attraction of two lacewing species to volatiles produced by host plants and aphid prey. Naturwissenschaften. 92:277-281.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Park, K.C., and Baker, T.C.J. 2003. Identification of odors from overripe mango that attract vinegar flies, Drosophila melanogaster. Chem Ecol. 29:899-909.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Polavarapu, S., Park, K-C., Garvey, C., Mahr, D., Nojima, S., Roelofs, W., and Tom Baker, T. 2009. Reidentification of pheromone composition of Sparganothis sulfureana (Clemens) and evidence of geographic variation in male responses from two US states. J. Asia Pacific Entomol. 12:247-252.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Ryne, C., Unelius, C.R., Valeur, P.G., and Löfstedt, C. 1999. Reidentification of the female sex pheromone of the Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella: evidence for a four-component pheromone blend. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 92:137-146.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Ryrholm, N., Ljungberg, H., Hansson, B.S., Hall, D., Reed, D., and Löfstedt, C. 1996. Olefinic acetates, delta-9,11-14:OAc and delta-7,9-12:OAc used as sex pheromone components in three geometrid moths, Idaea aversata, I. straminata, and I. biselata (Geometridae, Lepidoptera). J. Chem. Ecol. 22:1505-1526.
 
Zhu, J.-W., Unelius, R.C., Park, K.C., Ochieng, S.A., Obrycki, J.J., and Baker, T.C. 2000. Identification of (Z)-4-tridecene from defensive secretion of green lacewing, Chrysoperla carnea. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:2421-2434.
 
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
© 2003-2014 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
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