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Sachin, J.P., Selvasundaram, R., Babu, A., and Muraleedharan, N. 2008. Behavioral and electroantennographic responses of the tea mosquito, Helopeltis theivora, to female sex pheromones. Environ. Entomol. 37:1416-1421.
 
Safonkin, A.F., and Buleza, V.V. 1988. Role of sexual feromones in interspecific isolation of leafrollers (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Zh. Obshch. Biol. 49:396-400.
 
Safonkin, A.F., and Triseleva, T.A. 2003. Identification of the sex pheromone components of the apple surface eating tortrix Archips podana Scop. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Agrokhimiya. 3:62-64.
 
Sagar, C.V., Janaiah, C., and Narender, E.R. 2000. Volatile constituents of metathoracic scent secretions of adult Cyclopelta siccifolia Westwood (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Entomologia. 25:39-46.
 
Saglio, P., Descoins, C., Gallois, M., Lettere, M., Jaouen, D., and Mercier, J. 1977b. Study of the sex pheromone of Eupoecilia (Clysia) ambiguella Hb. Lepidoptera Tortricoidea, Cochylidae. Ann. Zool. Entomol. Anim. 9:553-562.
 
Saglio, P., Priesner, E., Descoins, C., and Gallois, M. 1977a. A synthetic sex attractant for Sparganothis pilleriana (Schiffermüller). C.R. Hebd. Sean. Acad. Sci. 284:2007-2010.
 
Saini, R.K., and Hassanali, A. 2007. A 4-alkyl-substituted analogue of guaiacol shows greater repellency to savannah tsetse (Glossina spp.). J. Chem. Ecol. 33:985-995.
 
Saitoh, Y., Hattori, J., Chinone, S., Nihei, N., Tsuda, Y., Kurahashi, H., and Kobayashi, M. 2004. Yeast-generated CO2 as a convenient source of carbon dioxide for adult mosquito sampling. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 20:261-264.
 
Sakai, M., and Yamasaki, T. 1990. (+)-juniperol and (+)-pimaral: attractants for the cerambycid beetle, Monochamus alternatus Hope. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:3383-3392.
 
Sakai, M., and Yamasaki, T. 1991. (+)-cis-3-pinen-2-ol: attractant for male cerambycid beetle, Monochamus alternatus Hope. J. Chem. Ecol. 17:757-765.
 
Sakai, T., Nakagawa, Y., Takahashi, J., Iwabuchi, K., and Ishii, K. 1984. Isolation and identification of the male sex pheromone of the grape borer Xylotrechus pyrrhoderus Bates (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Chem. Lett. 13:263-264.
 
Sakata, T., and Norton, R.A. 2001. Opisthonotal gland chemistry of early-derivative oribatid mites (Acari) and its relevance to systematic relationships of Astigmata. Int. J. Acarol. 27:281-292.
 
Sakata, T., and Norton, R.A. 2003a. Opisthonotal gland chemistry of a middle-derivative oribatid mite, Archegozetes longisetosus (Acari: Trhypochthoniidae). Int. J. Acarol. 29:345-350.
 
Sakata, T., Hiramatsu, N., Ishikawa, K., and Kuwahara, Y., 1997. Chemical ecology of mesostigmatid mites. I Identification of hydroxymethylnaphthoquinones from Uroactinia hirschmanni Hiramatsu (Mesostigmata: Uropodidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 32:57-61.
 
Sakata, T., Okabe, K., and Kuwahara, Y. 2001. Structural elucidation of twelve novel esters composed of five fatty acids and three new branched alcohols together with four monoterpenoids from Sancassania shanghaiensis (Acari: Acaridae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 65:919-927.
 
Sakata, T., Shimano, S., and Kuwahara, Y. 2003b. Chemical ecology of oribatid mites III. Chemical composition of oil gland exudates from two oribatid mites, Trhypochthoniellus sp. and Trhypochthonius japonicus (Acari: Trhypochthoniidae). Exp. Appl. Acarol. 29:279-291.
 
Sakata, T., Tagami, K., and Kuwahara, Y. 1995. Chemical ecology of oribatid mites. I. Oil gland components of Hydronothrus crispus Aoki. J. Acarol. Soc. Jap. 4:69-75
 
Sakuma, M., and Fukami, H. 1990. The aggregation pheromone of the German cockroach, Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellide): isolation and identification of the attractant components of the pheromone. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 25:355-368.
 
Sakuma, M., and Fukami, H. 1993. Novel steroid glycosides as aggregation pheromone of the German cockroach. Tetrahedron Lett. 34:6059-6062.
 
Salerno, G., Iacovone, A., Carlin, S., Frati, F., Conti, E., and Anfora, G. 2012. Identification of sex pheromone components in Trissolcus brochymenae females. J. Insect Physiol. 58:1635-1642.
 
Salom, S.M., Birgersson, G., Payne, T.L., and Berisford, C.W. 1991. Electroantennogram responses of the southern pine beetle parasitoid Dinotiscus dendroctoni (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to potential semiochemicals. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:791-799.
 
Salzemann, A., Nagnan, P., Tellier, F., and Jaffe, K. 1992. Leaf-cutting ant Atta laevigata (Formicidae: Attini) marks its territory with colony-specific Dufour gland secretion. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:183-196.
 
Sanders, C.J. 1984. Sex pheromone of the spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): evidence for a missing component. Can. Entomol. 116:93-100.
 
Sanders, C.J. 1993. Non-target Lepidoptera captured in traps baited with spruce budworm pheromone in Ontario. Can. Entomol. 125:1067-1076.
 
Sanders, C.J., and Weatherston, J. 1976. Sex pheromone of the eastern spruce budworm (Lepidopterea: Tortricidae): optimum blend of trans- and cis-tetradecenal. Can. Entomol. 108:1285-1290.
 
Sanders, C.J., Daterman, G.E., Shepherd, R.F., and Cerezke, H. 1974. Sex attractants for two species of western spruce budworm, Choristoneura biennis and C. viridis (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 106:157-159.
 
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Sans, A., Riba, M., Eizaguirre, M., and Lopez, C. 1997. Electroantennogram, wind tunnel and field responses of male Mediterranean corn borer, Sesamia nonagrioides, to several blends of its sex pheromone components. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 82:121-127.
 
Sant' Ana, A.L., Eiras, A.E., and Cavalcante, R.R. 2002. Electroantennographic responses of the Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis (Lutz & Neiva) (Diptera: Psychodidae) to 1-octen-3-ol. Neotrop. Entomol. 31:13-17.
 
Sant' Ana, J., and Dickens, J.C. 1998. Comparative electrophysiological studies of olfaction in predaceous bugs, Podisus maculiventris and P. nigrispinus. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:965-984.
 
Santangelo, E.M., Coracini, M., Witzgall, P., Correa, A.G., and Unelius, C.R. 2002. Identification, syntheses, and characterization of the geometric isomers of 9,11-hexadecadienal from female pheromone glands of the sugar cane borer Diatraea saccharalis. J. Nat. Prod. 65:909-915.
 
Saporito, R.A., Donnelly, M.A., Hoffman, R.L., Garraffo, H.M., and Daly, J.W. 2003. A siphonotid millipede (Rhinotus) as the source of spiropyrrolizidine oximes of dendrobatid frogs. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:2781-2786.
 
Sappington, T.W., and Taylor, O.R. 1990. Developmental and environmental sources of pheromone variation in Colias eurytheme butterflies. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:2771-2786.
 
Saran, R.K., Millar, J.G., and Rust, M.K. 2007. Role of (3Z,6Z,8E)-dodecatrien-1-ol in trail following, feeding, and mating behavior of Reticulitermes hesperus. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:369-389.
 
Saravanan, P.A., and Chozhan, K. 2003. Monitoring and management of coffee berry borer, Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari (Scolytidae: Coleoptera). Crop Res. Hisar. 26:154-158.
 
Sarkar, N., Mukherjee, A., and Barik, A. 2013a. Olfactory responses of Epilachna dodecastigma (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) to long-chain fatty acids from Momordica charantia leaves. Arth.-Plant Int. 7:339-348.
 
Sarkar, N., Mukherjee, A., and Barik, A. 2013b. Long-chain alkanes: allelochemicals for host location by the insect pest, Epilachna dodecastigma (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 48:171-179.
 
Sartwell, C., Daterman, G.E., and Sower, L.L. 1985. A synthetic attractant for male moths of a biotype in the Cydia piperana complex (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 117:1151-1152.
 
Sarzynski, E.M., and Liburd, O.E. 2004. Effect of trap height and within-planting location on captures of cranberry fruitworm (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in highbush blueberries. Agric. Forest Entomol. 6:199-204.
 
Sasaerila, Y., Gries, G., Khaskin, G., Gries, R., and Hardi. 1997. Identification of sex pheromone components of nettle caterpillar, Setothosea asigna. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:2187-2196.
 
Sasaerila, Y., Gries, R., Gries, G., Khaskin, G., and Hardi. 2000b. Sex pheromone components of nettle caterpillar, Setora nitens. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:1983-1990.
 
Sasaerila, Y., Gries, R., Gries, G., Khaskin, G., King, S., and Boo, T.C. 2000a. Decadienoates: sex pheromone components of nettle caterpillars Darna trima and D. bradleyi. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:1969-1981.
 
Sasaerila, Y., Gries, R., Gries, G., Khaskin, G., King, S., Takacs, S., and Hardi. 2003. Sex pheromone components of male Tirathaba mundella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Chemoecology. 13:89-93.
 
Saslavasky, H., Ishay, J., and Ikan, R. 1973. Alarm substances as toxicants of the oriental hornet, Vespa orientalis. Life Sci. 12:135-144.
 
Sasso, R., Iodice, L., Woodcock, C.M., Pickett, J.A., and Guerrieri, E. 2009. Electrophysiological and behavioural responses of Aphidius ervi (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) to tomato plant volatiles. Chemoecology. 19:195-201.
 
Sato, M., Kuwahara, Y., Matsuyama, S., and Suzuki, T. 1993. 2-Formyl-3-hydroxybenzyl formate (rhizoglyphinyl formate), a novel salicylaldehyde analog from the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus [Astigmata, Pyroglyphidae]. Biosci. Biotechn. Biochem. 57:1299-1301.
 
Sato, M., Kuwahara, Y., Matsuyama, S., and Suzuki, T. 1993b. Chemical ecology of astigmatid mites: XXXVII. Fatty acid as food attractant of astigmatid mites, its scope and limitation. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 28:565-569.
 
Sato, M., Kuwahara, Y., Matsuyama, S., Suzuki, T., Okamoto, M., and Matsumoto, K. 1993a. Male and female sex pheromones produced by Acarus immobilis Griffiths (Acaridae: Acarina). Naturwissenschaften. 80:34-36.
 
Sato, R., Abe, N., Sonnet, P., Sugie, H., and Tamaki, Y. 1985. Biological activity of (R)- and (S)-14-methyl-1-octadecene, as the chiral component of the sex pheromone of the peach leafminer moth, Lyonetia clerkella Linné (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 20:411-415.
 
Sato, R., Abe, N., Sugie, H., Kato, M., Mori, K., and Tamaki, Y. 1986. Biological activity of the chiral sex pheromone of the peach leafminer moth, Lyonetia clerkella Linné (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 21:478-480.
 
Sato, R., Yaginuma, K., and Kumakura, M. 1979. Sex attractant of the stone leek miner, Acrolepia alliella Semenov et Kuznesov: (Z)-11-hexadecenyl acetate, (Z)-11-hexadecenal and (Z)-11-hexadecenol. Jap. J. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 23:115-117.
 
Sato, S., and Maeto, K. 2006. Attraction of female Japanese horntail Urocerus japonicus (Hymenoptera: Siricidae) to alpha-pinene. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 41:317-323.
 
Sato, Y., Takahashi, S., Sakai, M., and Kodama, T. 1980. Attractiveness of the synthetic sex pheromone to the males of the armyworm, Leucania separata Walker and the lorey leafworm, Leucania loreyi Duponchel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 15:334-340.
 
Savoie, A., Borden, J.H., Pierce, H.D., Jr., Gries, R., and Gries, G. 1998. Aggregation pheromone of Pityogenes knechteli and semiochemical-based interactions with three other bark beetles. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:321-337.
 
Saxena, K.N. 1964. Control of the orientation and feeding behavior of red cotton bug Dysdercus koenigii (F.) by chemical constituents of the plant. Proc. Int. Congr. Entomol., London. 294.
 
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Sazo, R.L., and Campos, S.L. 1983. Attraction of males of the 'San Jose scale', (Quadraspidiotus perniciosus) with three component fractions of its pheromone. Simiente. 53:176-178.
 
Scarpati, M.L., Scalzo, R.L., and Vita, G. 1993. Olea europaea volatiles attractive and repellent to the olive fruit fly (Dacus oleae Gmelin). J. Chem. Ecol. 19:881-891.
 
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Schaaf, O., Baumgarten, J., and Dettner, K. 2000a. Identification and function of prothoracic exocrine gland steroids of the dytiscid beetles Graphoderus cinereus and Laccophilus minutus. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:2291-2305.
 
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Schal, C., Burns, E.L., Jurenka, R.A., and Blomquist, G.J. 1990. A new component of the female sex pheromone of Blattella germanica (L.) (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae) and interaction with other pheromone components. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:1997-2008.
 
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Schaner, A.M., and Jackson, L.L. 1992. (Z)-10-heptadecen-2-one and other 2-ketones in the aggregation pheromone blend of Drosophila martensis, D. buzzatii, and D. serido. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:53-64.
 
Schaner, A.M., Bartelt, R.J., and Jackson, L.L. 1987. (Z)-11-octadecenyl acetate, an aggregation pheromone in Drosophila simulans. J. Chem. Ecol. 13:1777-1786.
 
Schaner, A.M., Benner, A.M., Leu, R.D., and Jackson, L.L. 1989d. Aggregation pheromone of Drosophila mauritiana, Drosophila yakuba, and Drosophila rajasekari. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:1249-1257.
 
Schaner, A.M., Graham, K.J., and Jackson, L.L. 1989a. Aggregation pheromone characterization and comparison in Drosophila ananassae and Drosophila bipectinata. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:1045-1055.
 
Schaner, A.M., Jackson, L.L., Graham, K.J., and Leu, R.D. 1989c. (Z)-11-eicosenyl acetate, and aggregation pheromone in Drosophila malerkotliana. J. Chem. Ecol. 15:265-273.
 
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Scheffrahn, R.H., Rust, M.K., Toth, J.P., and Su, N.-Y. 1988. Soldier defensive secretions of two rare nearctic desert termite species. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 16:213-216.
 
Scheffrahn, R.H., Sims, J.J., Gaston, L.K., and Rust, M.K. 1984b. 4,11-epoxy-cis-eudesmane, soldier cephalic secretion of the Nearctic desert termite, Amitermes minimus Light (Termitidae: Termitinae). Cell. Mol. Life Sci. 40:1136-1137.
 
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Schierling, A., Seifert, K., Sinterhauf, S.R., Rieß, J.B., Rupprecht, J.C., and Dettner, K. 2013. The multifunctional pygidial gland secretion of the Steninae (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae): ecological significance and evolution. Chemoecology. 23:45-57.
 
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Szmigielski, R., Cieslak, M., Rudzinski, K.J., and Maciejewska, B. 2012. Identification of volatiles from Pinus silvestris attractive for Monochamus galloprovincialis using a SPME-GC/MS platform. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res.19:2860-2869.
 
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Szöcs, G., Tóth, M., Sziráki, Gy., and Schwarz, M. 1989. 2,13- and 3,13-octadecadienyl compounds composing sex attractants for tineid and sesiid moths (Lepidoptera). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 17:417-422.
 

 
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
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