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Valterova, I., Krecek, J., and Vrkoc, J. 1988. Chemical composition of frontal gland secretion in soldiers of Velocitermes velox (Isoptera, Termitidae) and its biological activity. Acta Entomol. Bohemoslov. 85:241-248.
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Vanhaelen, M., Vanhaelen Fastre, R., Geeraerts, J., and Wirthlin, T. 1978. Cis- and trans-octa-1,5-dien-3-ol, new attractants to the cheese mite Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) (Acarina, Acaridae) identified in Trichothecium roseum (Fungi Imperfecti). Microbios. 23:93-94.
Vanícková, L., Svatoš, A., Kroiss, J., Kaltenpoth, M., Do Nascimento, R.R., Hoskovec, M., Brízová, R., and Kalinová, B. 2012. Cuticular hydrocarbons of the South American fruit fly Anastrepha fraterculus: variability with sex and age. J. Chem. Ecol. 38:1133-1142.
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Velcheva, N., and Milkova, T. 1989a. Pheromone baits for Archips crataegana Hbn. and Gypsonoma minutana Hbn. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Rasteniev`dni Nauki. 26:81-86.
Velcheva, N., and Milkova, T. 1989b. Synthetic sex attractants for three species of leafrollers. Rasteniev`dni Nauki. 26:90-95.
Velcheva, N., and Milkova, T. 1990. Sex attractant for Exapate congelatella Cl (Lepidoptera, Tortricidae) - a new species for the Bulgarian fauna. Ekologiya. 23:75-78.
Vencl, F.V., and Morton, T.C. 1998. The shield defense of the sumac flea beetle, Blepharida rhois (Chrysomelidae: Alticinae). Chemoecology. 8:25-32.
Vendilo, N.V., Lebedeva, K.V., Ponomarev, V.L., and Pletnev, V.A. 1998. Identification of the pheromone of the male of the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella (Lepidoptera: Galleriinae). Agrokhimiya. 12:52-56.
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Ventura, M.U., Martins, M.C., and Pasini, A. 2000. Responses of Diabrotica speciosa and Cerotoma arcuata tingomariana (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to volatile attractants. Fla. Entomol. 83:403-410.
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Verheggen, F.J., Fagel, Q., Heuskin, S., Lognay, G., Francis, F., and Haubruge, E. 2007. Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis Pallas, to sesquiterpene semiochemicals. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:2148-2155.
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Vetter, R.S., and Baker, T.C. 1983. Behavioral responses of male Heliothis virescens in a sustained-flight tunnel to combinations of seven compounds identified from female sex pheromone glands. J. Chem. Ecol. 9:747-759.
Vetter, R.S., and Baker, T.C. 1984. Behavioral responses of male Heliothis zea moths in sustained-flight tunnel to combinations of 4 compounds identified from female sex pheromone gland. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:193-202.
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Vilela, E.F., and Howse, P.E. 1988. Pheromone performance as an attractive component in baits for the control of the leaf-cutting ant Atta sexdens rubropilosa Forel, 1908 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Soc. Entomol. 17:107-124.
Villa-Castillo, J. 1992. Chemical attractants of the bark beetles Dendroctonus mexicanus and D. adjunctus. Ciencia Forestal. 17:103-121.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
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