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Gabel, B., Thiery, D., Suchy, V., Marion-Poll, F., Hradsky, P., and Farkas, P. 1992. Floral volatiles of Tanacetum vulgare L. attractive to Lobesia botrana Den. et Schiff. females. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:693-701.
 
Gabirot, M., López, P., and Martín, J. 2012. Interpopulational variation in chemosensory responses to selected steroids from femoral secretions of male lizards, Podarcis hispanica, mirrors population differences in chemical signals. Chemoecology. 22:65-73.
 
Gabrys, B.J., Gadomski, H.J., Klukowski, Z., Pickett, J.A., Sobota, G.T., Wadhams, L.J., and Woodcock, C.M. 1997. Sex pheromone of cabbage aphid Brevicoryne brassicae: identification and field trapping of male aphids and parasitoids. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:1881-1890.
 
Gago, R., Allison, J.D., McElfresh, J.S., Haynes, K.F., McKenney, J., Guerrero, A., and Millar, J.G., 2013. A tetraene aldehyde as the major sex pheromone component of the promethea moth (Callosamia promethea (Drury)). J. Chem. Ecol. 39:
 
Galbreath, R.A. 1988. Orientation of grass grub Costelytra zealandica (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) to a carbon dioxide source. N.Z. Entomol. 11:6-7.
 
Galbreath, R.A., Benn, M.H., Young, H., and Holt, V.A. 1985. Sex pheromone components in the New Zealand greenheaded leafroller Planotortrix excessana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Z. Naturforsch. C. 40:266-271.
 
Gallego, D., Galian, J., Diez, J.J., and Pajares, J.A. 2008. Kairomonal responses of Tomicus destruens (Col., Scolytidae) to host volatiles alpha-pinene and ethanol. J. Appl. Entomol. 132:654-662.
 
Games, D.E., and Staddon, B.W. 1973. Chemical expression of a sexual dimorphism in the tubular scent glands of the milweed bug, Oncopeltus fasciatus (Dallas) (Heteroptera; Lygaeidae). Experientia. 29:532-533.
 
Games, D.E., Schofield, C.J., and Staddon, B.W. 1974. The secretion from Brindley's scent glands in triatominae. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 67:820.
 
Ganesan, K., Mendki, M.J., Suryanarayana, M.V.S., Prakash, S., and Malhotra, R.C. 2006. Studies of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) ovipositional responses to newly identified semiochemicals from conspecific eggs. Aust. J. Entomol. 45:75-80.
 
García-Rubio, S., Attygalle, A.B., Weldon, P.J., and Meinwald, J. 2002. Reptilian chemistry: volatile compounds from paracloacal glands of the American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus). J. Chem. Ecol. 28:769-781.
 
Gardiner, L.M. 1957. Collecting woodboring beetle adults by turpentine and smoke. Can. Dept. Agr. 13:2.
 
Gariboldi, P., Verotta, L., and Fanelli, R. 1983. Studies on the sex pheromone of Dacus oleae. Analysis of the substances contained in the rectal glands. Experientia. 39:502-505.
 
Garraffo, H.M., Spande, T.F., Daly, J.W., Baldessari, A., and Gros, E.G. 1993. Alkaloids from bufonid toads (Melanophryniscus): decahydroquinolines, pumiliotoxins and homopumiliotoxins, indolizidines, pyrrolizidines, and quinolizidines. J. Nat. Prod. 56:357-373.
 
Garraffo, H.M., Spande, T.F., Jain, P., Kaneko, T., Jones, T.H., Blum, M.S., Ali, T.M., Snelling, R.R., Isbell, L.A., Robertson, H.G., and Daly, J.W. 2001. Ammonia chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry in structural determination of alkaloids. II. Tetraponerines from pseudomyrmecine ants. Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom. 15:1409-1415.
 
Gary, N.E. 1962. Chemical mating attractants in the queen honey bee. Science. 136:773-774.
 
Gaspar, C. 1966. Les fourmis et l'agriculture (Hymenoptera Formicidae). Ann. Gembloux. 72:235-243.
 
Gavagnin, M., Mollo, E., Docimo, T., Guo, Y.W., and Cimino, G. 2004. Scalarane metabolites of the nudibranch Glossodoris rufomarginata and its dietary sponge from the South China Sea. J. Nat. Prod. 67:2104-2107.
 
Gavyalis, V.M., Yakaitis, B.Y., Gavelis, V., and Jakaitis, B. 1981. The attraction of various species of bark-beetles with methylbutenol, cis-verbenol, ipsdienol and mixtures of these pheromones. Khemo. Nasek. 6:115-120.
 
Geiselhardt, S., and Peschke, K. 2002. The aedeagal gland of Parastizopus armaticeps (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) as source of the ‘sterzel’ pheromone. ISCE Hamburg. 157.
 
Geiselhardt, S., Jakobschy, D., Ockenfels, P., and Peschke, K. 2008b. A sex pheromone in the desert tenebrionid beetle Parastizopus armaticeps. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:1065-1071.
 
Geiselhardt, S., Ockenfels, P., and Peschke, K. 2008a. 1-tridecene - male-produced sex pheromone of the tenebrionid beetle Parastizopus transgariepinus. Naturwissenschaften. 95:247-251.
 
Geiselhardt, S., Otte, T., and Hilker, M. 2009a. The role of cuticular hydrocarbons in male mating behavior of the mustard leaf beetle, Phaedon cochleariae (F.). J. Chem. Ecol. 35:1162-1171.
 
Geiselhardt, S., Schmitt, T., and Peschke, K. 2009b. Chemical composition and pheromonal function of the defensive secretions in the subtribe Stizopina (Coleptera, Tenebrionidae, Opatrini). Chemoecology. 19:1-6.
 
Geiselhardt, S., Szepat, T., Rasa, O.A.E., and Peschke, K. 2006. Defensive secretion components of the host Parastizopus armaticeps as kairomones for the cleptoparasite Eremostibes opacus. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:767-778.
 
Gemeno, C., and Haynes K.F. 1998. Chemical and behavioral evidence for a third pheromone component in a North American population of the black cutworm moth, Agrotis ipsilon. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:999-1011.
 
Gemeno, C., Lutfallah,A.F., and Haynes K.F. 2000b. Pheromone blend variation and cross-attraction among populations of the black cutworm moth (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 93:1322-1328.
 
Gemeno, C., Yeargan, K.V., and Haynes, K.F. 2000a. Aggressive chemical mimicry by the bolas spider Mastophora hutchinsoni: identification and quantification of a major prey's sex pheromone components in the spider's volatile emissions. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:1235-1243.
 
Gentry, C.R., Beroza, M., and Blythe, J.L. 1975. Pecan bud moth: captures in Georgia in traps baited with the pheromone of the oriental fruit moth. Environ. Entomol. 4:227-228.
 
Gerhold, D.L., Craig, R., and Mumma, R.O. 1984. Analysis of trichome exudate from mite-resistant Geraniums. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:713-722.
 
Germinara, G.S., De Cristofaro, A., and Rotundo, G. 2011. Chemical cues for host location by the chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus. J. Chem. Ecol. 37:49-56.
 
Germinara, G.S., De Cristofaro, A.,and Rotundo, G. 2008. Behavioral responses of adult Sitophilus granarius to individual cereal volatiles. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:523-529.
 
Germinara, G.S., Elgargoti, A., De Cristofaro, A., and Rotundo, G. 2007. Female sex pheromone of Sesamia cretica: chemical and behavioural evidence for a three-component blend. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 124:213-219.
 
Germinara, G.S., Rotundo, G., and De Cristofaro, A. 2004. Cereal volatile compounds in host habitat location by Theocolax elegans. Tec. Mol. 55:324-330.
 
Gerry, A.C., and Mullens, B.A. 1998. Response of male Culicoides variipennis sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) to carbon dioxide and observations of mating behavior on and near cattle. J. Med. Entomol. 35:239-244.
 
Gerry, A.C., and Mullens, B.A. 2006. Adult Fannia benjamini complex (Diptera: Muscidae) activity in southern California and use of CO2 as an attractant. J. Med. Entomol. 43:467-472.
 
Ghaioule, D., Lumaret, J.P., Rochat, D., Maatouf, N., and Niogret, J. 2007. Estimation of white grub damage (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) in cork oak (Quercus suber L.) regeneration parcels of the Mamora forest (Morocco) and search for biological control using sex pheromones. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 1:1-8.
 
Ghizdavu, I., Hodosan, F., Popovici, N., Botar, A., and Barabas, A. 1979. A sex attractant for Autographa (Plusia) gamma L. moth. Rev. Roum. Biol. Ser. Biol. Anim. 24:87-90.
 
Ghizdavu, I., Hodosan, F.P., and Oprean, I. 1987. Attractifs sexuels spécifiques pour Adoxophyes orana F. v. R. et Archips crataegana Hb. Rev. Roum. Biol. Ser. Biol. Anim. 32:23-27.
 
Ghizdavu, I., Hodosan, F.P., Oprean, I., Gocan, A., Ciupe, H., and Matic, S. 1985. Sex attractants for five species of Noctuidae determined using traps. Rev. Roum. Biol. Ser. Biol. Anim. 30:25-29.
 
Gibb, A.R., Comeskey, D., Berndt, L., Brockerhoff, E.G., El-Sayed, A.M., Jactel, H., and Suckling, D.M. 2006b. Identification of sex pheromone components of a New Zealand geometrid moth, the common forest looper Pseudocoremia suavis, reveals a possible species complex. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:865-879.
 
Gibb, A.R., Jamieson, L.E., Suckling, D.M., Ramankutty, P., and Stevens, P.S. 2005. Sex pheromone of the citrus flower moth Prays nephelomima: pheromone identification, field trapping trials, and phenology. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:1633-1644.
 
Gibb, A.R., Pinese, B., Tenakanai, D., Kawi, A.P., Bunn, B., Ramankutty, P., and Suckling, D.M. 2007a. (Z)-11-hexadecenal and (3Z,6Z,9Z)-tricosatriene: sex pheromone components of the red banded mango caterpillar Deanolis sublimbalis. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:579-589.
 
Gibb, A.R., Suckling, D.M., El-Sayed, A.M., Bohman, B., Unelius, C.R., Dymock, J.J., Larsen, M.L., and Willoughby, B.E. 2007b. (11Z,13E)-hexadecadien-1-yl acetate: sex pheromone of the grass webworm Herpetogramma licarsisalis - identification, synthesis, and field bioassays. J. Chem. Ecol.33:839-847.
 
Gibb, A.R., Suckling, D.M., Fielder, S., Bunn, B., Jamieson, L.E., Larsen, M.L.,Walter, G.H., and Kriticos, D.J. 2008. Major sex pheromone components of the Australian gum leaf skeletonizer Uraba lugens: (10E,12Z)-hexadecadien-1-yl acetate and (10E,12Z)-hexadecadien-1-ol. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:1125-1133.
 
Gibb, A.R., Suckling, D.M., Morris, B.D., Dawson, T.E., Bunn, B., Comeskey, D., and Dymock, J.J. 2006a. (Z)-7-tricosene and monounsaturated ketones as sex pheromone components of the Australian guava moth Coscinoptycha improbana: identification, field trapping, and phenology. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:221-237.
 
Giblin Davis, R.M., Gries, R., Crespi, B., Robertson, L.N., Hara, A.H., Gries, G., O' Brien, C.W., and Pierce, H.D., Jr. 2000. Aggregation pheromones of two geographical isolates of the New Guinea sugarcane weevil, Rhabdoscelus obscurus. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:2763-2780.
 
Giblin Davis, R.M., Gries, R., Gries, G., Pena Rojas, E., Pinzon, I.L., Pena, J.E., Perez, A.L., Pierce, H.D., Jr., and Oehlschlager, A.C. 1997. Aggregation pheromone of palm weevil, Dynamis borassi. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:2287-2297.
 
Giblin Davis, R.M., Pena, J.E., Oehlschlager, A.C., and Perez, A.L. 1996. Optimization of semiochemical-based trapping of Metamasius hemipterus sericeus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 22:1389-1410.
 
Giblin Davis, R.M., Weissling, T.J., Oehlschlager, A.C., and Gonzalez, L.M. 1994. Field response of Rhynchophorus cruentatus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) to its aggregation pheromone and fermenting plant volatiles. Fla. Entomol. 77:164-177.
 
Gieselmann, M.J., Moreno, D.S., Fargerlund, J., Tashiro, H., and Roelofs, W.L. 1979a. Identification of the sex pheromone of the yellow scale. J. Chem. Ecol. 5:27-33.
 
Gieselmann, M.J., Rice, R.E., Jones, R.A., and Roelofs, W.L. 1979b. Sex pheromone of the San Jose scale. J. Chem. Ecol. 5:891-900.
 
Giesen, H., Kohnle, U., Vite, J.P., Pan, M.L., and Francke, W. 1984. The aggregation pheromone of the Mediterranean pine bark-beetle Ips (Orthotomicus) erosus. Z. Angew. Entomol. 98:95-97.
 
Gigon, F. 1980. Utilisation des piéges a phéromone sexuelle synthétique dans l'étude faunistique des tordeuses (Tortricidae s. str.) de vergers neuchatelois. Bull. Soc. Neuchat. Sci. Nat. 103:45-56.
 
Gilchrist, T.L., Stansfield, F., and Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1966. The odoriferous principle of Piezodorus teretipes (Stal) (Hemiptera: Pentatomoidae). Proc. R. Entomol. Soc. 41:55-56.
 
Gillespie, D.R., King, G.G.S., Salas-Reyes, V.A., and Slessor, K.N. 1984. Determination of the sex-pheromone components of Cheimophila salicella (Lepidoptera: Oecophoridae), a pest of blueberry in British Columbia. Can. Entomol. 116:1397-1402.
 
Gillies, M.T. 1980. The role of carbon dioxide in host-finding by mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): a review. Bull. Entomol. Res. 70:525-532.
 
Ginzel, M.D., Blomquist, G.J., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2003b. Role of contact pheromones in mate recognition in Xylotrechus colonus. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:533-545.
 
Ginzel, M.D., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2003a. (Z)-9-pentacosene - contact sex pheromone of the locust borer, Megacyllene robiniae. Chemoecology. 13:135-141.
 
Ginzel, M.D., Moreira, J.A., Ray, A.M., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2006. (Z)-9-nonacosene - major component of the contact sex pheromone of the beetle Megacyllene caryae. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:435-451.
 
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Glinwood, R., Pettersson, J., Kularatne, S., Ahmed, E., and Kumar, V. 2003. Female European tarnished plant bugs, Lygus rugulipennis (Heteroptera: Miridae), are attracted to odours from conspecific females. Acta Agric. Scand. 53:29-32.
 
Glinwood, R.T., and Du, Y.-J., and Powell, W. 1999. Responses to aphid sex pheromones by the pea aphid parasitoids Aphidius ervi and Aphidius eadyi. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 92:227-232.
 
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Gnanasunderam, C., Butcher, C.F., and Hutchins, R.F.N. 1981b. Chemistry of the defensive secretions of some New Zealand rove beetles (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae). Insect Biochem. 11:411-416.
 
Gnanasunderam, C., Butcher, C.F., Hutchins, R.F.N., and Young, H. 1981c. Ethyl decanoate as a major component in the defensive secretion of two New Zealand Aleocharine (Staphylinidae) beetles - Tramiathaea cornigera (Broun) and Thamiaraea fuscicornis (Broun). J. Chem. Ecol. 7:197-202.
 
Gnanasunderam, C., Young, H., and Benn, M.H. 1984. Defensive secretions of New Zealand tenebrionids - III. The identification of methyl esters of 6-methyl and 6-ethylsalicylic acid in Chrysopeplus expolitus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Insect Biochem. 14:159-161.
 
Gnanasunderam, C., Young, H., and Hutchins, R.F.N. 1981a. Defensive secretions of New Zealand tenebrionids: I. Presence of monoterpene hydrocabons in the genus Artystona (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 7:889-894.
 
Gnanasunderam, C., Young, H., and Hutchins, R.F.N. 1982. Defensive secretions of New Zealand tenebrionids - II. Presence of the unsaturated ketone 4-methylhex-1-en-3-one in Amarygmus tristis (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Insect Biochem. 12:221-224.
 
Gnanasunderam, C., Young, H., and Hutchins, R.F.N. 1985. Defensive secretions of New Zealand Tenebrionids: V. Presence of methyl ketones in Uloma tenebrionoides (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 11:465-472.
 
Gnanasunderam, C., Young, H., and Watt, J.C. 1984. Defensive secretions of New Zealand tenebrionids - the genus Menimus. Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 12:407-410.
 
Gnaspini, P., and Cavalheiro, A.J. 1998.Chemical and behavioral defenses of a Neotropical cavernicolous harvestman: Goniosoma spelaeum (Opiliones, Laniatores, Gonyleptidae). J. Arachn. 26:81-90.
 
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Golebiowski, M., Bogus, M.I., Paszkiewicz, M., Wieloch, W., Wloka, E., and Stepnowski, P. 2012. The composition of the cuticular and internal free fatty acids and alcohols from Lucilia sericata males and females. Lipids. 47:613-622.
 
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Gomez, J., Barrera, J.F., Rojas, J.C., Macias-Samano, J., Liedo, J.P., Cruz-López, L., and Badii, M.H. 2005. Volatile compounds released by disturbed females of Cephalonomia stephanoderis (Hymenoptera: Bethylidae): a parasitoid of the coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). Fla. Entomol. 88:180-187.
 
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Goubault, M., Batchelor, T.P., Romani, R., Linforth, R.S.T., Fritzsche, M., Francke, W., and Hardy, I.C.W. 2008. Volatile chemical release by bethylid wasps: identity, phylogeny, anatomy and behaviour. Biol. J. Linnean Soc. 94:837-852.
 
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Grajales-Conesa, J., Rojas, J.C., Guzmán-Díaz, M., Rincón-Rabanales, M., and Cruz-López, L. 2007. Cephalic and dufour gland secretions of Scaptotrigona mexicana queens: chemical composition and biological activity. Apidologie. 38:38-46.
 
Grandcolas, P., Park, Y.C., Choe, J.C., Piulachs, M.-D., Bellés, X., D'Haese, C., Farine, J.-P., and Brossut, R. 2001. What does Cryptocercus kyebangensis, n. sp. (Dictyoptera: Blattaria: Polyphagidae) from Korea reveal about Cryptocercus evolution ? A study in morphology, molecular phylogeny, and chemistry of tergal glands. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Phil. 151:61-79.
 
Granero, A.M., Sanz, J.M.G., Gonzalez, F.J.E., Vidal, J.L.M., Dornhaus, A., Ghani, J., Serrano, A.R., and Chittka, L. 2005. Chemical compounds of the foraging recruitment pheromone in bumblebees. Naturwissenschaften. 92:371-374.
 
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Grant, G.G., and Slessor, K.N. 1983. Sex pheromone of the maple leaf roller Cenopis acerivorana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 115:189-194.
 
Grant, G.G., Brady, U.E., and Brand, J.M. 1972. Male armyworm scent brush secretion: identification and electroantennogram study of major components. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 65:1224-1227.
 
Grant, G.G., De Groot, P., Langevin, D., Katovich, S.A., Slessor, K.N., and Miller, W.E. Sex attractants and seasonal flight patterns for three Eucosma (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) species sympatric in eastern pine seed orchards and plantations. Can. Entomol. 134:391-401.
 
Grant, G.G., Fogal, W.H., West, R.J., Slessor, K.N., and Miller, G.E. 1989. A sex attractant for the spruce seed moth, Cydia strobilella (L.), and the effect of lure dosage and trap height on capture of male moths. Can. Entomol. 121:691-697.
 
Grant, G.G., Frech, D., MacDonald, L., Slessor, K.N., and King, G.G.S. 1987b. Copulation releaser pheromone in body scales of female whitemarked tussock moth, Orgyia leucostigma (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae): identification and behavioral role. J. Chem. Ecol. 13:345-356.
 
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Guss, P.L., Tumlinson, J.H., Sonnet, P.E., and McLaughlin, J.R. 1983. Identification of a female-produced sex pheromone from the southern corn rootworm, Diabrotica undecimpunctata howardi Barber. J. Chem. Ecol. 9:1363-1375.
 
Guss, P.L., Tumlinson, J.H., Sonnet, P.E., and Proveaux, A.T. 1982. Identification of a female-produced sex pheromone of the western corn rootworm. J. Chem. Ecol. 8:545-556.
 

 
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
© 2003-2014 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
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