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Faccoli, M., Anfora, G., and Tasin, M. 2008. Responses of the Mediterranean pine shoot beetle Tomicus destruens (Wollaston) to pine shoot and bark volatiles. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:1162-1169.
 
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Fales, H.M., Jaouni, T.M., Schmidt, J.O., and Blum, M.S. 1980. Mandibular gland allomones of Dasymutilla occidentalis and other mutillid wasps. J. Chem. Ecol. 6:895-903.
 
Fales, H.M., Jones, T.H., Jaouni, T.M., Blum, M.S., and Schmidt, J.O. 1992. Phenylalkenals in ponerine (Leptogenys sp.) and myrmicine (Pogonomyrmex sp.) ants. J. Chem. Ecol. 18:847-854.
 
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Falótico, T., Labruna, M.B., Verderane, M.P., De resende, B.D., Izar, P., and Ottoni, E.B. 2007. Repellent efficacy of formic acid and the abdominal secretion of carpenter ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) against Amblyomma ticks (Acari: Ixodidae). J. Med. Entomol. 44:718-721.
 
Fan, J., Kang, L., and Sun, J. 2007. Role of host volatiles in mate location by the Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus Hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Environ. Entomol. 36:58-63.
 
Fang, Y., Sun, J., and Zhang, Z. 2011. Response of Brontispa longissima to coconut palm (Cocos nucifera) leaf volatiles. Physiol. Entomol. 36:321-326.
 
Fang, Y.L., Sun, J.H., Zhao, C.H., and Zhang, Z.N. 2005. Sex pheromone components of the sandthorn carpenterworm, Holcocerus hippophaecolus. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:39-48.
 
Fang, Y.L., Sun, J.H., Zhao, C.H., Sun, Y.P., Zheng, H.Q., and Zhang, Z.N. 2003. Identification of sex pheromone components of Holcocerus hippophaecolus (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) and their biological activities. Acta Entomol. Sin. 46:665-666.
 
Farine, J.-P., Everaerts, C., Brossot, R., and Lequere, J.L. 1993. Defensive secretions of nymphs and adults of five species of Pyrrhocoridae (Insecta: Heteroptera). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 21:363-371.
 
Farine, J.-P., Everaerts, C., Le Quere, J.L., Sémon, E., Henry, R., and Brossut, R. 1997. The defensive secretion of Eurycotis floridana (Dictyoptera, Blattidae, Polyzosteriinae): chemical identification and evidence of an alarm function. Insect Biochem. Molec. Biol. 27:577-586.
 
Farine, J.-P., Frérot, B., and Isart, J. 1981. Chemical isolation factor in pheromonal secretion of two noctuids (Hadeninae): Mamestra brassicae (L.) and Pseudaletia unipuncta (Haw.). C.R. Acad. Sci. Ser. 3. 292:101-104.
 
Farine, J.-P., Le Quere, J.L., Duffy, J., Everaerts, C., and Brossut, R. 1994. Male sex pheromone of cockroach Eurycotis floridana (Walker) (Blattidae, Polyzosteriinae): role and composition of tergites 2 and 8 secretions. J. Chem. Ecol. 20:2291-2306.
 
Farine, J.-P., Sémon, E., Everaerts, C., Abed, D., Grandcolas, P., and Brossut, R. 2002. Defensive secretion of Therea petiveriana: chemical identification and evidence of an alarm function. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:1629-1640.
 
Farine, J.-P., Sirugue, D., Abed-Vieillard, D., Everaerts, C., Le Quéré, J.-L., Bonnard, O., and Brossut, R. 2007. The male abdominal glands of Leucophaea maderae: chemical identification of the volatile secretion and sex pheromone function. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:405-415.
 
Farine, J.-P., Tonnard, O., Brossot, R., and Lequere, J.L. 1992. Chemistry of pheromonal and defensive secretions in the nymphs and the adults of Dysdercus cingulatus Fabr. (Heteroptera: Pyrrhocoridae). J. Chem. Ecol. 18:65-76.
 
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Fávaro, C.F., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2013. Identification of (Z)-4- and 1-tridecene in the metathoracic gland secretions of stink bugs employing the GC/FT-IR technique. J. Chem. Ecol. 39:1182-1185.
 
Fávaro, C.F., de Rodrigues, M.A.C., Aldrich, J.R., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2011. Identification of semiochemicals in adults and nymphs of the stink bug Pallantia macunaima Grazia (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 22:58-64.
 
Fávaro, C.F., Santos, T.B., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2012. Defensive compounds and male-produced sex pheromone of the stink bug, Agroecus griseus. J. Chem. Ecol. 38:1124-1132.
 
Fávaro, C.F., Soldi, R.A., Ando, T., Aldrich, J.R., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2013. (6R,10S)-pallantione: the first ketone identified as sex pheromone in stink bugs. Org. Lett. 15:1822-1825.
 
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Fei, H.X., Henderson, G, Laine, R.A. 2005. Trail-following behavior of Coptotermes formosanus (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) on concentration gradients of 2-phenoxyethanol. Sociobiolgy. 45:483-494.
 
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Feldlaufer, M.F., Domingue, M.J., Chauhan, K.R., and Aldrich, J.R. 2010. 4-Oxo-aldehydes from the dorsal abdominal glands of the bed bug (Hemiptera: Cimicidae). J. Med. Entomol. 47:140-143.
 
Félix, A.-E., Calatayud, P.-A., Le Rü, B., Silvain, J.-F., and Frérot, B. 2012. Sex pheromone composition and reproductive isolation in two Busseola species (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Kenya. Chemoecology. 21:107-111.
 
Félix, A.-E., Genestier, G., Malosse, C., Calatayud, P.-A., Le Rü, B., Silvain, J.-F., and Frérot, B. 2009. Variability in pheromone communication among different haplotype populations of Busseola fusca. J. Chem. Ecol. 35:618-623.
 
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Fernandes, A., Duffield, R.M., Wheeler, J.W., and LaBerge, W.E. 1981. Chemistry of the Dufour's gland secretion of North American andrenid bees (Hymenoptera: Andrenidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 7:453-463.
 
Ferrao, P., Gries, G., Wimalaratne, P.D.C., Maier, C.T., Gries, R., Slessor, K.N., and Li, J. 1998. Sex pheromone of apple blotch leafminer, Phyllonorycter crataegella, and its effect on P. mespilella pheromone communication. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:2059-2078.
 
Ferrara, F.A.A., Vilela, E.F., Jham, G.N., Eiras, A.E., Picanco, M.C., Attygalle, A.B., Svatos, A., Frighetto, R.T.S., and Meinwald, J. 2001. Evaluation of the synthetic major component of the sex pheromone of Tuta absoluta (Meyrick) (Lepidoptera: Gelechidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 27:907-917.
 
Ferreira-Caliman, M.J., Turatti, I.C., Lopes, N.P., Zucchi, R., and Nascimento, F.S. 2012. Analysis of insect cuticular compounds by non-lethal solid phase micro extraction with styrene-divinylbenzene copolymers. J. Chem. Ecol. 38:418-426.
 
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Fettig, C.J., Borys, R.R., Cluck, D.R., and Smith, S.L. 2004. Field response of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and a major predator, Temnochila chlorodia (Coleoptera: Trogositidae), to host kairomones and a Dendroctonus spp. pheromone component. J. Entomol. Sci. 39:490-499.
 
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Fettköther , R., Reddy, G.V.P., Noldt, U., and Dettner, K. 2000. Effect of host and larval frass volatiles on behavioural responses of the old house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus (L.) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), in a wind tunnel bio-assay. Chemoecology. 10:1-10.
 
Fierke, M.K., Skabeikis, D.D., Millar, J.G., Teale, S.A., McElfresh, J.S., and Hanks, L.M. 2012. Identification of a male-produced aggregation pheromone for Monochamus scutellatus scutellatus and an attractant for the congener Monochamus notatus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 105:2029-2034.
 
Fierro, M.M., Cruz-López, L., Sánchez, D., Villanueva-Gutiérrez, R., and Vandame, R. 2011. Queen volatiles as a modulator of Tetragonisca angustula drone behavior. J. Chem. Ecol. 37:1255-1262.
 
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Figadčre, B.A., McElfresh, J.S., Borchardt, D., Daane, K.M., Bentley, W., and Millar, J.G. 2007. Trans-alpha-necrodyl isobutyrate, the sex pheromone of the grape mealybug, Pseudococcus maritimus. Tetrahedron Lett. 48:8434-8437.
 
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Finnegan, D.E., and Chambers, J. 1993. Identification of the sex pheromone of the guernsey carpet beetle, Anthrenus sarnicus Mroczkowski (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 19:971-983.
 
Fish, L.J., and Pattenden, G. 1975. Iridodial, and a new alkanone, 4-methylhexan-3-one, in the defensive secretion of the beetle, Staphylinus olens. J. Insect Physiol. 21:741-744.
 
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Fockink, D.H., Mise, K.M., and Zarbin, P.H.G. 2013. Male-produced sex pheromone of the carrion beetles, Oxelytrum discicolle and its attraction to food sources. J. Chem. Ecol. 39:1056-1065.
 
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Francke, W., Brunnemann, U., Bergmann, J., and Plass, E. 1998. Semiochemistry at junctions, volatile compounds from desert locusts, caddisflies and geometrid moths. Int. Conf. Insect Phero. 71-73..
 
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Francke, W., Franke, S., Tóth, M., Szöcs, G., Guerin, P., and Arn, H. 1987a. Identification of 5,9-dimethylheptadecane as a sex pheromone of the moth Leucoptera scitella. Naturwissenschaften. 74:143-144.
 
Francke, W., Heemann, V., Gerken, B., Renwick, J.A.A., and Vite, J.P. 1977. 2-ethyl-1,6-dioxaspiro[4.4]nonane, principal aggregation pheromone of Pityogenes chalcographus (L.). Naturwissenschaften. 64:590-591.
 
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Francke, W., Krohn, S., and Tengö, J. 1989a. Terpenoids from bark beetles, solitary bees and danaine butterflies. Pure Appl. Chem. 61:539-542.
 
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Francke, W., Levinson, A.R., Jen, T.-L., and Levinson, H.Z. 1979b. Isopropyl carboxylates - A new class of insect pheromones. Angew. Chem. 18:796-797.
 
Francke, W., Lübke, G., Schröder, W., Reckziegel, A., Imperatriz-Fonseca, V., Kleinert, A., Engels, E., Hartfelder, K., Radtke, R., and Engels, W. 2000a. Identification of oxygen containing volatiles in cephalic secretions of workers of Brazilian stingless bees. J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 11:562-571.
 
Francke, W., Mackenroth, W., Schroeer, W., Schulz, S., Tengö, J., Engels, E., Engels, W., Kittmann, R., and Schneider, D. 1985. Identification of cyclic enolethers from insects: alkyldihydropyranes from bees and alkyldihydro-4H-pyran-4-ones from a male moth. Z. Naturforsch. C. 40:145-147.
 
Francke, W., Pan, M.L., Konig, W.A., Mori, K., Puapoomchareon, P., Heuer, H., and Vite, J.P. 1987b. Identification of 'pityol' and 'grandisol' as pheromone components of the bark beetle, Pityophthorus pityographus. Naturwissenschaften. 74:343-345.
 
Francke, W., Plass, E., Zimmermann, N., Tietgen, H., Tolasch, T., Franke, S., Subchev, M., Toshova, T., Pickett, J.A., Wadhams, L.J., and Woodcock, C.M. 2000b. Major sex pheromone component of female herald moth Scoliopteryx libatrix is the novel branched alkene (6Z,13)-methylheneicosene. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:1135-1149.
 
Francke, W., Reith, W., Bergström, G., and Tengö, J. 1980c. Spiroketals in the mandibular glands of Andrena bees. Naturwissenschaften. 67:149-150.
 
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Francke, W., Schröder, F., Philipp, P., Meyer, H., Sinnwell, V., and Gries, G. 1996b. Identification and synthesis of new bicyclic acetals from the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins (Col.: Scol.). Bioorg. Med. Chem. 4:363-374.
 
Francke, W., Schröder, F., Walter, F., Sinnwell, V., Baumann, H., and Kaib, M. 1995b: New alkaloids from ants - identification and synthesis of (3R,5S,9R)-3-butyl-5-(1-oxopropyl) indolizidine and (3R,5R,9R)-3-butyl-5-(1-oxopropyl)indolizidine, constituents of the poison gland secretion in Myrmicaria eumenoides (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Liebigs Ann. Chem. 995:965-977.
 
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Francke, W., Schulz, S., Sinnwell, V., Konig, W.A., and Roisin, Y. 1989b. Epoxytetrahydroedulan, a new terpenoid from the hairpencils of Euploea (Lep.: Danainae) butterflies. Liebigs Ann. Chem. 1989:1195-1201.
 
Francke, W., Tóth, M., Szöcs, G., Krieg, W., Ernst, H., and Buschmann, E. 1988a. Identification and synthesis of dimethylalkanes as sex attractants of female leaf miner moths (Lyonetiidae). Z. Naturforsch. C. 43:787-789.
 
Franco, J.C., Borges da Silva, E., Fortuna, T., Cortegano, E., Branco, M., Suma, P., La Torre, I., Russo, A., Elyahu, M., Protasov, A., Levi-Zada, A., and Mendel, Z. 2011. Vine mealybug sex pheromone increases citrus mealybug parasitism by Anagyrus sp. near pseudococci (Girault). Biolog. Control. 58:230-238.
 
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
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