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Maa, C.J.W., Lin, Y.M., and Chow, Y.S. 1984. Population variations in male response to female sex pheromone of Plutella xylostella (L.) in northern Taiwan. Plant Prot. Bull. Taiwan. 26:249-255.
 
MacConnell, J.G., Borden, J.H., Silverstein, R.M., and Stokkink, E. 1977. Isolation and tentative identification of lineatin, a pheromone from the frass of Trypodendron lineatum (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 3:549-561.
 
MacDonald, J.F., Akre, R.D., and Hill, W.B. 1973. Attraction of yellowjackets (Vespula spp.) to heptyl butyrate in Washington State (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Environ. Entomol. 2:375-379.
 
MacDonald, K.M., Hamilton, J.G.C., Jacobson, R., and Kirk, W.D.J. 2002. Effects of alarm pheromone on landing and take-off by adult western flower thrips. J. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 103:279-282.
 
MacDonald, K.M., Hamilton, J.G.C., Jacobson, R., and Kirk, W.D.J. 2003. Analysis of anal droplets of the western flower thrips Frankliniella occidentalis. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:2385-2389.
 
Macel, M., and Vrieling, K. 2003. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids as oviposition stimulants for the cinnabar moth, Tyria jacobaeae. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:1435-1446.
 
Machado, G., and Pomini, A.M. 2008. Chemical and behavioral defenses of the neotropical harvestman Camarana flavipalpi (Arachnida: Opiliones). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 36:369-376. .
 
Machado, G., Carrera, P.C., Pomini, A.M., and Marsaioli, A.J. 2005. Chemical defense in harvestmen (Arachnida, Opiliones): do benzoquinone secretions deter invertebrate and vertebrate predators? J. Chem. Ecol. 31:2519-2539.
 
Machlis, L. 1958. A procedure for the purification of sirenin. Nature. 101:1790-1971.
 
Macias-Samano, J.E., Borden, J.H., Gries, R., Pierce, H.D., Jr., Gries, G., and King, G.G.S. 1998. Primary attraction of the fir engraver, Scolytus ventralis. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:1049-1075.
 
Macias-Samano, J.E., Borden, J.H., Pierce, H.D., Jr., Gries, R., and Gries, G. 1997. Aggregation pheromone of Pityokteines elegans. J. Chem. Ecol. 23:1333-1347.
 
Macias-Samano, J.E., Wakarchuk, D., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2012. 2-Undecyloxy-1-ethanol in combination with other semiochemicals attracts three Monochamus species (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in British Columbia, Canada. Can. Entomol. 144:821-825.
 
MacLeod, J.K., Howe, I., Cable, J., Blake, J.D., Baker, J.T., and Smith, D. 1975. Volatile scent gland components of some tropical Hemiptera. J. Insect Physiol. 21:1219-1224.
 
Maddison, P.A., Beroza, M., and McGovern, T.P. 1973. Ethyl chrysanthemumate as an attractant for the coconut rhinoceros beetle. J. Econ. Entomol. 66:591-592.
 
Mafi, S.A., Vang, L.V., Nakata, Y., Ohbayashi, N., Yamamoto, M., and Ando, T. 2005. Identification of the sex pheromone of the citrus leafminer (Phyllocnistis citrella Stainton, Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) with a trial of control by the communication disruption method. J. Pestic. Sci. 30:361-367.
 
Mahob, R.J., Babin, R., Hoopen, G,M., Dibog, L., Yede, Hall, D.R., and Bilong, C.F. 2011. Field evaluation of synthetic sex pheromone traps for the cocoa mirid Sahlbergella singularis (Hemiptera:Miridae). Pest Manag. Sci.67:672-676.
 
Mahsberg, D., and Peschke, K. 2002. Benzoquinones emitted by diplopods are exploited as kairomones by parasitoid sarcophagid flies. ISCE Hamburg. 160.
 
Maia, A.C.D., Dötterl, S., Kaiser, R., Silberbauer-Gottsberger, I., Teichert, H., Gibernau, M., Do Amaral Ferraz Navarro, D.M., Schlindwein, C., and Gottsberger, G. 2012. The key role of 4-methyl-5-vinylthiazole in the attraction of scarab beetle pollinators: a unique olfactory floral signal shared by Annonaceae and Araceae. J. Chem. Ecol. 38:1072-1080.
 
Maida, R., and Ziesmann, J. 2001. Female Attacus atlas respond to pheromones of Antheraea polyphemus: a comparative electrophysiological and biochemical study. Chem. Senses. 26:17-24.
 
Maier, C.T., Gries, R., and Gries G. 1998. Sex pheromone components of pitch pine looper, Lambdina pellucidaria. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:491-500.
 
Maile, R., Jungnickel., H., Morgan, E.D., Ito, F., and Billen, J. 2000. Secretion of venom and dufour glands in the ant Leptogenys diminuta. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:2497-2506.
 
Maini, S. 1973. Preliminary tests with synthetic sex attractants of the European corn borer. Inf. Fitopatol. 9:11-14.
 
Maini, S. 1975. Prove di efficacia con feromoni di sintesi per l'attrazione sessuale della Piralide del mais. Inf. Agrar. 31:20813-20820.
 
Maini, S., and Belifiori, D. 1996. Noctua pronuba and Spilosoma luteum males attraction to virgin females and synthetic sex pheromone of Hyphantria cunea. Int. Congr. Entomol. Firenze. 15:190.
 
Maini, S., and Pasqualini, E. 1983. Field tests with sex attractants for Euzophera bigella Zell. (Lep.: Pyralidae). Boll. Entomol. Bologna. 38:219-224.
 
Maini, S., Pallotti, G., and Platia, G. 1979. Research into the identification of the sex pheromone in Bologna populations of Ostrinia nubilalis Hb. (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) and related field tests. Boll. Inst. Entomol. Univ. Bologna. 34:15-25.
 
Makarov, S.E., Curcic, B.P., Vujisic, L.V., Jadranin, M.B., Teševic, V.V., Vuckovic, I.M., Sekulic, T.L., Curcic, S.B., and Mitic, B.M. 2011. Defensive secretions in Callipodella fasciata (Latzel, 1882; Diplopoda, Callipodida, Schizopetalidae). Chem. Biodivers. 8:1284-1289.
 
Makarov, S.E., Curcic, B.P.M., Teševic, V.V., Jadranin, M.B., Vujisic, L.V., Curcic, S.B., Mandic, B.M., Sekulic, T.L., and Mitic, B.M. 2010. Defensive secretions in three species of polydesmids (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Polydesmidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 36:978-982.
 
Makarov, S.E., Vujisic, L.V., Curcic, B.P.M., Ilic, B.S., Teševic, V.V., Vajs, V.E., Vuckovic, I.M., Mitic, B.M., Lucic, L.R., and Ðordevic, I.Z. 2012. Chemical defense in the cave-dwelling millipede Brachydesmus troglobius Daday, 1889 (Diplopoda, Polydesmidae). Int. J. Spel. 41:95-100.
 
Maki, E.C., Rodstein, J., Millar, J.G., Barbour, K.S., Hanks, L.M., and Barbour, J.D. 2011. Synthesis and field tests of possible minor components of the sex pheromone of Prionus californicus. J. Chem. Ecol. 37:714-716.
 
Makranczy, G., Tóth, M., Chambon, J.P., Unelius, C.R., Bengtsson, M., and Witzgall, P. 1998. Sex pheromone of pear moth, Cydia pyrivora. BioControl. 43:339-344.
 
Malerbo-Souza, D.T., and Nogueira-Couto, R.H. 2004. Efficiency of n-octyl-acetate, 2-heptanone and citronellal in repelling bees from basil (Ocimum sellowii - Labiatae). Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol. 47:121-125.
 
Malo, E.A., Cruz-López, L., Toledo, J., Del Mazo, A., Virgen, A., and Rojas, J.C. 2005. Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the Mexican fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) to guava volatiles. Fla. Entomol. 88:364-371.
 
Malo, E.A., Medina Hernandez, N., Virgen, A., Cruz-López, L., and Rojas, J.C. 2002. Electroantennogram and field responses of Spodoptera frugiperda males (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to plant volatiles and sex pheromone. Folia Entomol. Mex. 41:329-338.
 
Malo, E.A., Renou, M., and Guerrero, A. 2000. Analytical studies of Spodoptera littoralis sex pheromone components by electroantennography and coupled gas chromatography-electroantennographic detection. Talanta. 52:525-532.
 
Malo, E.A., Rojas, J.C., Lopez-Guillen, G., and Barrera, J.F. 2009. Chemical analysis of female volatiles and field response of the coffee leafminer moth (Lepidoptera: Lyonetiidae) to stereoisomers of its major sex pheromone component. Fla. Entomol. 92:548-553.
 
Malosse, C., Descoins, C., and Frérot, B. 1993. Identification of minor component of the sex pheromone of the leopard moth (Zeuzera pyrina L.; Lepidoptera, Cossidae) by capillary gas chromatography. J. High Resol. Chromatogr. 16:123-125.
 
Mandour, N.S., Kainoh, Y., Ozawa, R., Uefune, M., and Takabayashi, J. 2011. Effects of time after last herbivory on the attraction of corn plants infested with common arymworms to a parasitic wasp Cotesia kariyai. J. Chem. Ecol. 37:267-272.
 
Mands, V., Kline, D.L., and Blackwell, A. 2004. Culicoides midge trap enhancement with animal odour baits in Scotland. Med. Vet. Entomol. 18:336-342.
 
Mani, T.R., Reuben, R., and Akiyama, J. 1991. Field efficacy of "Mosbar" mosquito repellent soap against vectors of Bancroftian filariasis and Japanese encephalitis in southern India. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 7:565-568.
 
Mann, R.S., Rouseff, R.L., Smoot, J., Rao, N., Meyer, W.L., Lapointe, S.L., Robbins, P.S., Cha, D., Linn, C.E., Webster, F.X., Tiwari, S., and Stelinski, L.L. 2013. Chemical and behavioral analysis of the cuticular hydrocarbons from Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri. Insect Sci. 20:367-378.
 
Manrique, G., Vitta, A.C.R., Ferreira , R.A., Zani, C.L., Unelius, C.R., Lazzari, C.R., Diotaiuti, L., and Lorenzo, M.G. 2006. Chemical communication in chagas disease vectors. Source, identity, and potential function of volatiles released by the Metasternal and Brindley’s glands of Triatoma infestans adults. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:2035-2052.
 
Mant, J., Brandli, C., Vereecken, N.J., Schulz, C.M., Francke, W., and Schiestl, F.P. 2005. Cuticular hydrocarbons as sex pheromone of the bee Colletes cunicularius and the key to its mimicry by the sexually deceptive orchid, Ophrys exaltata. J. Chem. Ecol. 31:1765-1787.
 
Manzo, E., Gavagnin, M., Somerville, M.J., Mao, S.-C., Ciavatta, M.L., Mollo, E., Schupp, P.J., Garson, M.J., Guo, Y.-W., and Cimino, G. 2007. Chemistry of Glossodoris nudibranchs: specific occurrence of 12-keto scalaranes. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:2325-2336.
 
Marcano, J.J., Hernandez, P.N., and Medina, E.D. 1994. Evaluation of a trap for the capture of adults of the sweet potato weevil Cylas formicarius elegantulus Summers using pheromones and the host plant as attractants. J. Agr. Trop. Mar. 44:217-232.
 
Marcelli, R., Montermini, A., and Maini, S. 1992. Preliminary trials with synthetic sex attractants of Hyphantria cunea Drury (Lepidoptera Arctiidae). Inf. Fitopatol. 42:59-62.
 
Marek, J., Krampl, F., and Hrdy, I. 2000. (E,Z)-7,9-Dodecadien-1-yl acetate acts as attractant for males of the genus Idaea (Lepidoptera: Geometridae: Sterrhinae). Plant Prot. Sci. 36:95-100.
 
Mariani, S., and Trematerra, P. 1982. Observations on captures of some Lepidoptera effected with pheromone traps for Cydia molesta (Busck) in an orchard in Lazio. Ann. Ist. Sper. Frut. 13:7-13.
 
Markaria, H., Florentine, G.J., and Pratt, J.J., Jr. 1978. Quinone production of some species of Tribolium. J. Insect Physiol. 24:785-790.
 
Marks, R.J. 1976. Field evaluation of gossyplure, the synthetic sex pheromone of Pectinophora gossypiella (Saund.) (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) in Malawi. Bull. Entomol. Res. 66:267-278.
 
Marques, F.A., Wendler, E.P., Maia, B.H.L.N., Ventura, M.U., and Gatti, I.C. 2007. Identification of defensive compounds in metathoracic glands of adults of the stink bug Dichelops melacanthus (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 18:1242-1246.
 
Martel, J.W., Alford, A.R., and Dickens, J.C. 2005. Laboratory and greenhouse evaluation of a synthetic host volatile attractant for Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say). Agric. Forest Entomol. 7:71-78.
 
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Martikainen, P. 2001a. Non-target beetles (Coleoptera) in Trypodendron pheromone traps in Finland. Anz. Schädlingskd. 74:150-154.
 
Martikainen, P. 2001b. Beetles (Coleoptera) caught with pheromones of Gnathotrichus retusus and G. sulcatus (Col., Scolytidae) in southern Finland. Anz. Schädlingskd. 74:7-10.
 
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Martinez, A.E. 1988. Coleopterous Scolytidae attracted to NTP-80 traps in the area north of the 'Sian Ka'an' biosphere reserve, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Folia Entomol. Mex. 74:179-180.
 
Martins, C.B.C., Zarbin, P.H.G., and Almeida, L.M. 2010. Evidence for sex-specific pheromones in Ulomoides dermestoides (Coleoptera, Tenebrionidae). Fla. Entomol. 93:639-641.
 
Maruno, G., Mori, N., and Kuwahara, Y. 2012. Chemical ecology of astigmatid mites LXXXVII. S-(+)-isopiperitenone: re-identification of the alarm pheromone as the female sex pheromone in Tyrophagus similis (Acari: Acaridae). J. Chem. Ecol. 38:36-41.
 
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McBrien, H.L., Millar, J.G., Rice, R.E., McElfresh, J.S., Cullen, E., and Zalom, F.G. 2002. Sex attractant pheromone of the red-shouldered stink bug Thyanta pallidovirens: a pheromone blend with multiple redundant components. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:1797-1818.
 
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Millar, J.G., Giblin, M., Barton, D., Reynard, D.A., Neill, G.B., and Underhill, E.W. 1990d. Identification and field testing of female-produced sex pheromone components of the spring cankerworm, Paleacrita vernata Peck (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). J. Chem. Ecol. 16:3393-3409.
 
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
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