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Bacon, O.G., Seiber, J.N., and Kennedy, G.G. 1976. Evaluation of survey trapping techniques for potato tuberworm moths with chemical baited traps. J. Econ. Entomol. 69:569-572.
Badji, C.A., Eiras, A.E., Cabrera, A., and Jaffe, K. 2003. Evaluation of sex pheromone of Neoleucinodes elegantalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Neotrop. Entomol. 32:221-229.
Baeckström, P., Bergström, G., Bjorkling, F., Hui-Zhu, H., Hoberg, H.-E. Jacobsson, U., Guo-Qiang, L., Löfqvist, J., Norin, T., and Wassgren, A.-B. 1989. Structures, absolute configurations, and syntheses of volatile signals from three sympatric ant-lion species, Euroleon nostras, Grocus bore, and Myrmeleon formicarius (Neuroptera: Myrmeleontidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 15:61-80.
Baer, B., Maile, R., Schmid-Hempel, P., Morgan, E.D., and Jones, G.R. 2000. Chemistry of a mating plug in bumblebees. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:1869-1875.
Baggini, A., Bernardi, R., Casnati, G., Pavan, M., and Ricca, A. 1966. Ricerche sulle secrezioni difensive di insetti emitteri eterotteri (Hem. Heteroptera). Eos. 42:7-26.
Bagneres, A.G., Billen, J., and Morgan, E.D. 1991b. Volatile secretion of dufour gland of workers of an army ant, Dorylus (Anomma) molestus. J. Chem. Ecol. 17:1633-1639.
Bagneres, A.G., Clement, J.L., Blum, M.S., Severson, R.F., Joulie, C., and Lange, C. 1990. Cuticular hydrocarbons and defensive compounds of Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and R. santonensis (Feytaud): polymorphism and chemotaxonomy. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:3213-3244.
Bagneres, A.G., Morgan, E.D., and Clement, J.L. 1991a. Species-specific secretions of the dufour glands of three species of formicine ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 19:25-33.
Bai, S.X., Wang, Z.Y., He, K.L., Wen, L.P., and Zhou, D.R. 2004. Olfactory responses of Trichogramma ostriniae Pang et Chen to kairomones from eggs and different stages of female adults of Ostrinia furnacalis (Guenee). Acta Entomol. Sin. 47:48-54.
Bailey, J.B., McDonough, L.M., and Hoffmann, M.P. 1986. Western avocado leafroller, Amorbia cuneana (Walsingham), (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Discovery of populations utilizing different ratios of sex pheromone components. J. Chem. Ecol. 12:1239-1245.
Baker, B.H., Hostetler, B.B., and Furniss, M.M. 1977. Response of eastern larch beetle (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in Alaska to its natural attractant and to douglas-fir beetle pheromones. Can. Entomol. 109:289-294.
Baker, C.F., Carton, A.G., Fine, J.M., and Sorensen, P.W. 2006. Can bile acids function as a migratory pheromone in banded kokopu, Galaxias fasciatus (Gray)? Ecol. Freshwater Fish. 15:275-283.
Baker, J., Howard, R., Morrill, W., Meers, S., and Weaver, D. 2005. Acetate esters of saturated and unsaturated alcohols (C12-C20) are major components in Dufour glands of Bracon cephi and Bracon lissogaster (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), parasitoids of the wheat stem sawfly, Cephus cinctus (Hymenoptera: Cephidae). Biochem. Syst. Ecol. 33:757-769.
Baker, J.D., and Heath, R.R. 1993. NMR spectral assignment of lactone pheromone components emitted by Caribbean and Mexican fruit flies. J. Chem. Ecol. 19:1511-1519.
Baker, J.E., Nelson, D.R., and Fatland, C.R. 1979. Developmental changes in cuticular lipids of the black carpet beetle, Attagenus megatoma. Insect Biochem. 9:335-339.
Baker, J.E., Rainey, D.P., Norris, D.M., and Strong, F.M. 1968. P-hydroxybenzaldehyde and other phenolics as feeding stimulants for the small Europaen bark beetle. Forest Sci. 14:91-95.
Baker, J.L., Hill, A.S., Cardé, R.T., Kurokawa, A., and Roelofs, W.L. 1975. Sex pheromone field trapping of the omnivorous leafroller, Platynota stultana. Environ. Entomol. 4:90-92.
Baker, J.T., and Kemball, P.A. 1967. Volatile constituents of the scent gland reservoir of the coreoid Pternistria bispina Stal. Aust. J. Chem. 20:395-398.
Baker, J.T., Blake, J.D., MacLeod, J.K., Ironside, D.A., and Johnson, I.C. 1972. The volatile constituents of the scent gland reservoir of the fruit-spotting bug, Amblypelta nitida. Aust. J. Chem. 25:393-400.
Baker, R., and Bacon, A.J. 1985c. The identification of spiroacetals in the volatile secretions of two species of fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis, Dacus cucurbitae). Experientia. 41:1484-1485.
Baker, R., and Walmsley, S. 1982e. Soldier defense secretions of the South American termites Cortaritermes silvestri, Nasutitermes sp N.D. and Nasutitermes kemneri. Tetrahedron. 38:1899-1910.
Baker, R., Borges, M., Cooke, N.G., and Herbert, R.H. 1987. Identification and synthesis of (Z)-(1'S,3'R,4'S)(-)-2-(3',4',-epoxy-4'-methylcyclohexyl)-6-methylhepta-2,5-diene, the sex pheromone of the southern green stinkbug, Nezara viridula (L.). J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm. 6:414-416.
Baker, R., Bradshaw, J.W.S., and Speed, W. 1982b. Methoxymercuration- demercuration and mass spectrometry in the identification of the sex pheromones of Panolis flammea, the pine beauty moth. Experientia. 38:233-234.
Baker, R., Coles, H.R., Edwards, M., Evans, D.A., Howse, P.E., and Walmsley, S. 1981b. Chemical composition of the frontal gland secretion of Syntermes soldiers (Isoptera, Termitidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 7:135-145.
Baker, R., Edwards, M., Evans, D.A., and Walmsley, S. 1981a. Soldier-specific chemicals of the termite Curvitermes strictinasus Mathews (Isoptera, Nasutitermitinae). J. Chem. Ecol. 7:127-133.
Baker, R., Herbert, R., Howse, P.E., and Jones, O.T. 1980. Identification and synthesis of the major sex pheromone of the olive fly (Dacus oleae). J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm. 1980:52-53.
Baker, R., Herbert, R.H., and Grant, G.G. 1985a. Isolation and identification of the sex pheromone of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied). J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1985:824-825.
Baker, R., Herbert, R.H., and Lomer, R.A. 1982d. Chemical components of the rectal gland secretions of male Dacus cucurbitae, the melon fly. Experientia. 38:232-233.
Baker, R., Herbert, R.H., and Parton, A.H. 1982a. Isolation and synthesis of 3- and 4-hydroxy-1,7dioxaspiro[5.5]undecanes from the olive fly (Dacus oleae). J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm. 1982:601-603.
Baker, R., Herbert, R.H., Neequaye, N.N., and Rao, K.N. 1985b. Sex pheromone of tobacco stem borer, Scrobipalpa heliopa (Lower) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 11:989-998.
Baker, R., Longhurst, C., Selwood, D., and Billany, D. 1983. Ortho-aminoacetophenone: a component of the sex pheromone system of the web-spinning larch sawfly, Cephalcia lariciphila Wachtl. Experientia. 39:993-994.
Baker, R., Parton, A.H., Rao, V.B., and Rao, V.J. 1982c. The isolation, identification and synthesis of 3,6-dimethylheptan-2,4-dione, a pheromone of the mushroom fly, Megaselia halterata. Tetrahedron Lett. 23:3103.
Baker, T.C., Francke, W., Löfstedt, C., Hansson, B.S., Du, J.-W., Phelan, P.L., Vetter, R.S., and Youngman, R. 1989. Isolation, identification and synthesis of sex pheromone components of the carob moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae. Tetrahedron Lett. 30:2901-2902.
Baker, T.C., Francke, W., Millar, J.G., Löfstedt, C., Hansson, B.S., Du, J.-W., Phelan, P.L., Vetter, R.S., Youngman, R., and Todd, J.L. 1991. Identification and bioassay of sex pheromone components of carob moth, Ectomyelois ceratoniae (Zeller). J. Chem. Ecol. 17:1973-1988.
Bakke, A. 1975. Aggregation pheromone in the bark beetle Ips duplicatus (Sahlberg). Norw. J. Entomol. 22:67-69.
Bakke, A. 1976. Spruce bark beetle, Ips typographus: pheromone production and field response to synthetic pheromones. Naturwissenschaften. 63:92.
Bakke, A. 1978b. Aggregation pheromone components of the bark beetle Ips acuminatus. Oikos. 31:184-188.
Bakke, A. 1983. Dosage response of the ambrosia beetle Trypodendron lineatum (Oliver) (Coleoptera, Scolytidae) to semiochemicals. Z. Angew. Entomol. 95:158-161.
Bakke, A., and Kvamme, T. 1978a. Kairomone response by the predators Thanasimus formicarius and Thanasimus rufipes to the synthetic pheromone of Ips typographus. Norw. J. Entomol. 25:41.
Bakke, A., and Kvamme, T. 1981. Kairomone response in Thanasimus predators to pheromone components of Ips typographus. J. Chem. Ecol. 7:305-312.
Bakke, A., Froyen, P., and Skattelbol, L. 1977. Field response to a new pheromonal compound isolated from Ips typographus. Naturwissenschaften. 64:98.
Balanova, J., and Balan, J. 1991. Chemotaxis-controlled search for food by the nematode Panagrellus redivivus. Biol. Brat. 46:257-263.
Balanova, J., Balan, J., Krizkova, L., Nemec, P., and Bobok, D. 1979. Attraction of nematodes to metabolites of yeasts and fungi. J. Chem. Ecol. 5:909-918.
Baldacchino, F., Cadier, J., Porciani, A., Buatois, B., Dormont, L., and Jay-Robert, P. 2012. Behavioural and electrophysiological responses of females of two species of tabanid to volatiles in urine of different mammals. Med. Vet. Entomol. 27:77-85.
Baldwin, I.T., Dusenbery, D.B., and Eisner, T. 1990. Squirting and refilling: dynamics of p-benzoquinone production in defensive glands of Diploptera punctata. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:2823-2834.
Balestrazzi, E., Dazzini, M.L.V., De Bernardi, M., Vidari, G., Vita-Finzi, P., and Mellerio, G. 1985. Morphological and chemical studies on the pygidial defence glands of some carabidae (Coleoptera). Naturwissenschaften. 72:482-484.
Ballard, J.W.O., and Morton, K.J. 1990. Difference in trap-finding behaviour of two populations of Austrosimulium bancrofti (Taylor) (Diptera: Simuliidae) in eastern Australia. Can. J. Zool. 68:579-584.
Baltensweiler, W., Priesner, E., Arn, H., and Delucchi, V. 1978. Evidence for different sexual attractants used by the larch form and the cembran pine form of the grey larch bud moth (Zeiraphera diniana Gn.). Mitt. Schweiz. Entomol. Ges. 51:133-142.
Bång, J., Hedenström, E., and Sjödin, K. 2011. Purification, stereoisomeric analysis and quantification of sex pheromone precursors in female whole body extracts from pine sawfly species. J. Chem. Ecol. 37:125-133.
Barak, A.V., and Burkholder, W.E. 1973. Pheromone studies with Attagenus elongatulus (Casey) (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). Proc. NC Entomol. Soc. Am. 28:175.
Baranowski, T., and Baszak, D. 1996. The influence of colour and smell on the effectivity in catching greenhouse whitefly (Trialeurodes vaporariorum Westwood). Rocz. Nauk Roln. 25:59-61.
Barbazanges, N. 1989. Diplôme d’études approfondies. Université Paris Nord, France.
Barber, I.A., McGovern, T.P., Beroza, M., Hoyt, C.P., and Walker, A. 1971. Attractant for the coconut rhinoceros beetle. J. Econ. Entomol. 64:1041.
Barbetta, M., Casnati, G., and Pavan, M. 1966. Sulla presenza di D-(+)-mandelonitrile nella secrezione difensiva del miriapode Gomphodesmus pavani Dem. Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 45:169-176.
Barbier, M. 1959. Separations de p-benzoquinones naturelles par chromatoplaques. J. Chromatogr. 2:649-651.
Barbier, M., and Lederer, E. 1957. On the benzoquinones of the venom of three species of myriapods. Biokhim. 22:221-225.
Barbour, J.D., Millar, J.G., Rodstein, J., Ray, A.M., Alston, D.G., Rejzek, M., Dutcher, J.D., and Hanks, L.M. 2011. Synthetic 3,5-dimethyldodecanoic acid serves as a general attractant for multiple species of Prionus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 104:588-593
Barger, J.H., Cuthbert, R.A., and Cannon, W.N., Jr. 1984. Numbers of Scolytus multistriatus (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) caught on multilure-baited sticky traps increase with methoxychlor. J. Econ. Entomol. 77:1251-1253.
Barre, N., Garris, G.I., and Lorvelec, O. 1997. Field sampling of the tick Amblyomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) on pastures in Guadeloupe; attraction of CO2 and/or tick pheromones and conditions of use. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 21:95-108.
Barrer, P.M., Lacey, M.J., and Shani, A. 1987. Variation in relative quantities of airborne sex pheromone components from individual female Ephestia cautella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 13:639-653.
Barrozo, R.B., and Lazzari, C.R. 2004b. The response of the blood-sucking bug Triatoma infestans to carbon dioxide and other host odours. Chem. Senses. 29:319-329.
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Barry, J.D., and Polavarapu, S. 1998. Feeding activity and attraction of blueberry maggot (Diptera: Tephritidae) to protein baits, ammonium acetate, and sucrose. J. Econ. Entomol. 97:1269-1277.
Barry, M.W., Nielsen, D.G., Purrington, F.F., and Tumlinson, J.H. 1978. Attractivity of pheromone blends to male peachtree borer, Synanthedon exitiosa. Environ. Entomol. 7:1-3.
Bartell, R.J., Bellas, T.E., and Whittle, C.P. 1988. Evidence for biological activity of two further alcohols in the sex pheromone of female Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). J. Aust. Entomol. Soc. 27:11-12.
Bartels-Hardege, H.D., Hardege, J.D., Zeeck, E., Muller, C., Wu, B.L., and Zhu, M.Y. 1996. Sex pheromones in marine polychaetes V: a biologically active volatile compound from the coelomic fluid of female Nereis (Neanthes) japonica (Annelida Polychaeta). J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 201:275-284.
Bartelt, R.J., and Hossain, M.S. 1994b. Development of synthetic food-related attractant for Carpophilus davidsoni and its effectiveness in the stone fruit orchards in southern Australia. J. Chem. Ecol. 32:2145-2162.
Bartelt, R.J., and Jackson, L.L. 1984. Hydrocarbon component of the Drosophila virilis aggregation pheromone: (Z)-10-heneicosene. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 77:364-371.
Bartelt, R.J., and James, D.G. 1994. Aggregation pheromone of Australian sap beetle, Carpophilus davidsoni (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 20:3207-3219.
Bartelt, R.J., and Wicklow, D.T. 1999. Volatiles from Fusarium verticillioides (Sacc.) Nirenb. and their attractiveness to nitidulid beetles. J. Agric. Food Chem. 47:2447-2454.
Bartelt, R.J., Carlson, D.G., Vetter, R.S., and Baker, T.C. 1993b. Male-produced aggregation pheromone of Carpophilus mutilatus (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 19:107-118.
Bartelt, R.J., Cossé, A.A., Petroski, R.J., and Weaver, D.K. 2002. Cuticular hydrocarbons and novel alkenediol diacetates from wheat stem sawfly (Cephus cinctus): natural oxidation to pheromone components. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:385-405.
Bartelt, R.J., Cossé, A.A., Zilkowski, B.W., and Fraser, I. 2007. Antennally active macrolide from the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis emitted predominantly by females. J. Chem. Ecol. 33:1299-1302.
Bartelt, R.J., Cosse, A.A., Zilkowski, B.W., Weisleder, D., and Momany, F.A. 2001. Male-specific sesquiterpenes from Phyllotreta and Aphthona flea beetles. J. Chem Ecol. 27:2397-2423.
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Bartelt, R.J., Dowd, P.F., Plattner, R.D., and Weisleder, D. 1990a. Aggregation pheromone of driedfruit beetle, Carpophilus hemipterus. Wind-tunnel bioassay and identification of two novel tetraene hydrocarbones. J. Chem. Ecol. 16:1015-1039.
Bartelt, R.J., Dowd, P.F., Shorey, H.H., and Weisleder, D. 1990b. Aggregation pheromone of Carpophilus freemani (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae): a blend of conjugated triene and tetraene hydrocarbons. Chemoecology. 1:105-113.
Bartelt, R.J., Dowd, P.F., Vetter, R.S., Shorey, H.H., and Baker, T.C. 1992b. Responses of Carpophilus hemipterus (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) and other sap beetles to the pheromone of C. hemipterus and host-related coattractants in California field tests. Environ. Entomol. 21:1143-1153.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
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