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La Croix, E.A.S., Thindwa, H.Z., and Hall, D.R. 1985. Field studies with the synthetic female sex pheromones of Cryptophlebia batrachopa and C. leucotreta, pests of macadamia in Malawi. Trop. Pest Manag. 31:189-191.
Laanmaa, M.K., Ivanova V.T., Mottus, E.R., and Kalinkin, V.M. 1990. Sex attractant for leaf miner moth, Lithocolletis pyrifoliella Grsm (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae). Proc. Conf. Insect Chem. Ecol. 125-128.
Laberge, F., and Hara, T.J. 2003. Behavioural and electrophysiological responses to F-prostaglandins, putative spawning pheromones, in three salmonid fishes. J. Fish Biol. 62:206-221.
Lacey, E.S., Ginzel, M.D., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2004. Male-produced aggregation pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus. J. Chem. Ecol. 30:1493-1507.
Lacey, E.S., Ginzel, M.D., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2008b. 7-methylheptacosane is a major component of the contact sex pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Neoclytus acuminatus acuminatus. Physiol. Entomol. 33:209-216.
Lacey, E.S., Millar, J.G., Moreira, J.A., and Hanks, L.M. 2009. Male-produced aggregation pheromones of the cerambycid beetles Xylotrechus colonus and Sarosesthes fulminans. J. Chem. Ecol. 35:733-740.
Lacey, E.S., Moreira, J.A., Millar, J.G., and Hanks, L.M. 2008a. A male-produced aggregation pheromone blend consisting of alkanediols, terpenoids, and an aromatic alcohol from the cerambycid beetle Megacyllene caryae. J. Chem. Ecol. 34:408-417.
Lacey, E.S., Moreira, J.A., Millar, J.G., Ray, A.M., and Hanks, L.M. 2007. Male-produced aggregation pheromone of the cerambycid beetle Neoclytus mucronatus mucronatus. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 122:171-179.
Lacey, M.J., Sémon, E., Krasulová, J., Sillam-Dussès, D., Robert, A., Cornette, R., Hoskovec, M., Žácek, P., Valterová, I., and Bordereau, C. 2011. Chemical communication in termites: syn-4,6-dimethylundecan-1-ol as trail-following pheromone, syn-4,6-dimethylundecanal and (5E)-2,6,10-trimethylundeca-5,9-dienal as the respective male and female sex peromones in Hodotermopsis sjoestedti (Isoptera, Archotermopsidae). J. Insect Physiol.57:1585-1591.
Ladd, T.L., Jr. 1980. Japanese beetle: enhancement of lures by eugenol and caproic acid. Econ. Entomol. 73:718-720.
Ladd, T.L., Jr. 1984b. Eugenol-related attractants for the northern corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 77:339-341.
Ladd, T.L., Jr., and McGovern, T.P.J. 1984a. 2-methoxy-4-propylphenol, a potent new enhancer of lures for the Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Econ. Entomol. 77:957-959.
Laduguie, N., Robert, A., Bonnard, O., Vieau, F., Le Quere, J.L., Sémon, E., and Bordereau, C. 1994. Isolation and identification of (3Z,6Z,8E)-3,6,8-dodecatrien-1-ol in Reticulitermes santonensis Feytaud (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae): roles in worker trail-following and in alate sex-attraction behavior. J. Insect Physiol. 40:781-787.
Lahav, S., Soroker, V., Vander Meer, R.K., and Hefetz, A. 2001. Segregation of colony odor in the desert ant Cataglyphis niger. J. Chem. Ecol. 27:927-943.
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Lalanne-Cassou, B., Silvain, J.F., Monti, L., and Malosse, C. 1994. Description of a new species of Spodoptera from French Guiana: S. descoinsi (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Amphipyrinae), discovered with the help of sex attractants. Ann. Soc. Entomol. Fr. 30:25-32.
Lalor, P.F., and Hughes, W.H.O. 2011. Alarm behaviour in Eciton army ants. Physiol. Entomol. 36:1-7.
Lampman, R.L., and Metcalf, R.L. 1987. Multicomponent kairomonal lures for southern and western corn rootworms (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Diabrotica spp.). J. Econ. Entomol. 80:1137-1142.
Lampman, R.L., and Metcalf, R.L. 1988. The comparative response of Diabrotica species (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to volatile attractants. Environ. Entomol. 17:644-648.
Lance, D.R. 1992. Non-pheromonal attractants for mexican corn rootworm beetles, Diabrotica virgifera zeae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 65:10-15.
Lance, D.R., and Elliott, N.C. 1991. Seasonal responses of corn rootworm beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) to non-pheromonal attractants. J. Entomol. Sci. 26:188-196.
Landolt, P.J. 1990. Trapping the green june beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) with isopropanol. Fla. Entomol. 73:328-330.
Landolt, P.J. 1998b. Chemical attractants for trapping yellowjackets Vespula germanica and Vespula pensylvanica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Environ. Entomol. 27:1229-1234.
Landolt, P.J. 1998c. A chemical attractant for the golden paper wasp, Polistes aurifer Saussure (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 71:69-73.
Landolt, P.J. 2000a. New chemical attractants for trapping Lacanobia subjuncta, Mamestra configurata, and Xestia c-nigrum (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Econ. Entomol. 93:101-106.
Landolt, P.J., Adams, T., and Rogg, H. 2012. Trapping spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae), with combinations of vinegar and wine, and acetic acid and ethanol. J. Appl. Entomol. 136:148-154.
Landolt, P.J., Adams, T., and Zack, R.S. 2006a. Field response of alfalfa looper and cabbage looper moths (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae, Plusiinae) to single and binary blends of floral odorants. Environ. Entomol. 35:276-281.
Landolt, P.J., and Curtis, C.E. 1982. Interspecific sexual attraction between Pyralis farinalis L. and Amyelois transitella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 55:248-252.
Landolt, P.J., and Heath, R.R. 1986c. A sex attractant synergist for Trichoplusia oxygramma (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Fla. Entomol. 69:425-426.
Landolt, P.J., and Heath, R.R. 1989b. Lure composition, component ratio, and dose for trapping male Mocis latipes (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) with synthetic sex pheromone. J. Econ. Entomol. 82:307-309.
Landolt, P.J., and Heath, R.R. 1991. Zygaenidae trapped with enantiomers of 2-butyl (Z)-7-tetradecenoate. J. Lepid. Soc. 45:63-65.
Landolt, P.J., and Heath, R.R., and Tumlinson, J.H. 1988. Effects of age, mating, and time of day on behavioral responses of female papaya fruit fly, Toxotrypana curvicauda Gerstaecker (Diptera: Tephritidae), to synthetic sex pheromone. Environ. Entomol. 17:47-51.
Landolt, P.J., and Higbee, B.S. 2002c. Both sexes of the true armyworm (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) trapped with the feeding attractant composed of acetic acid and 3-methyl-1-butanol. Fla. Entomol. 85:182-185.
Landolt, P.J., and Roberts, D. 2012. A sex attractant for trapping Crambus cypridalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Fla. Entomol. 95:194-195.
Landolt, P.J., and Smithhisler C.L. 1998a. Isolation and identification of female sex pheromone and development of a sex attractant for Lacanobia subjuncta. J. Chem. Ecol. 24:1369-1379.
Landolt, P.J., Guédot, C., and Zack, R.S. 2011. Spotted cutworm, Xestia c-nigrum (L.) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) responses to sex pheromone and blacklight. J. Appl. Entomol. 135:593-600.
Landolt, P.J., Heath, R.R., and Leppla, N.C. 1986b. (Z,Z,Z)-3,6,9-eicosatriene and (Z,Z,Z)-3,6,9-heneicosatriene as sex pheromone components of a grass looper, Mocis disseverans (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environ. Entomol. 15:1272-1274.
Landolt, P.J., Heath, R.R., Millar, J.G., Davis-Hernandez, K.M., Dueben, B.D., and Ward, K.E. 1994. Effects of host plant, Gossypium hirsutum L., on sexual attraction of cabbage looper moths, Trichoplusia ni (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 20:2959-2974.
Landolt, P.J., Heath, R.R., Reed, H.C., and Manning, K. 1995. Pheromonal mediation of alarm in the eastern yellowjacket (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Fla. Entomol. 78:101-108.
Landolt, P.J., Heath, R.R., Sonnet, P.E., and Matsumoto, K. 1986a. Attraction of Harrisina americana and Acoloithus falsarius males (Lepidoptera: Zygaenidae) to (R)-(-)-2-butyl-(Z)-7-tetradecenoate. Environ. Entomol. 15:959-962.
Landolt, P.J., Pantoja, A., Hagerty, A., Crabo, L., and Green, D. 2007. Moths trapped in Alaska with feeding attractant lures and the seasonal flight patterns of potential agricultural pests. Can. Entomol. 139:278-291.
Landolt, P.J., Reed, H.C., Aldrich, J.R., Antonelli, A.L., and Dickey, C. 1999. Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) trapped with acetic acid and isobutanol. Fla. Entomol. 82:609-614.
Landolt, P.J., Reed, H.C., and Ellis, D.J. 2003b. Trapping yellowjackets (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) with heptyl butyrate emitted from controlled-release dispensers. Fla. Entomol. 86:323-328.
Landolt, P.J., Roberts, D., Corp, M., and Rondon, S.I. 2011. Trap response of Dargida terrapictalis (Buckett) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to a sex attractant in wheat-growing areas of eastern Washington and neighboring Oregon. J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 84:139-147.
Landolt, P.J., Smithhisler, C., Adams, T., and Zack, R.S. 2003a. An improved multi-component sex attractant for trapping male western yellowstriped armyworm, Spodoptera praefica (Grote) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Agric. Forest Entomol. 5:333-339.
Landolt, P.J., Smithhisler, C.L., Zack, R.S., and Camelo, L. 2006b. Attraction of Heliothis belladonna (Henry and Edwards) to the sex pheromone of the corn earworm moth, Helicoverpa zea (Boddie) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). J. Kansas Entomol. Soc. 79:303-308.
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Leal, W.S., Oehlschlager, A.C., Zarbin, P.H.G., Hidalgo, E., Shannon, P.J., Murata, Y., Gonzalez, L., Andrade, R., and Ono, M. 2003. Sex pheromone of the scarab beetle Phyllophaga elenans and some intriguing minor components. J. Chem. Ecol. 29:12-25.
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
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