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Wadhams, L.J., Baker, R., and Howse, P.E. 1974. 4,11-epoxy-cis-eudesmane, a novel oxygenated sesquiterpene in the frontal gland secretion of the termite, Amitermes evuncifer Silvestri. Tetrahedron Lett. 18:1697-1700.
 
Wagner, D., Tissot, M., Cuevas, W., and Gordon, D.M. 2000. Harvester ants utilize cuticular hydrocarbons in nestmate recognition. J. Chem. Ecol. 26:2245-2257.
 
Wainhouse, D., Wyatt, T., Phillips, A., Kelly, D.R., Barghian, M., Beech-Garwood, P., Cross, D., and Howell, R.S. 1991. Response of the predator Rhizophagus grandis to host plant derived chemicals in Dendroctonus micans larval frass in wind tunnel experiments (Coleoptera: Rhizophagidae, Scolytidae). Chemoecology. 2:55-63.
 
Wakamura, S. 1978. Sex attractant pheromone of the common cutworm moth, Agrotis fucosa Butler (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): isolation and identification. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 13:290-295.
 
Wakamura, S. 1980. Sex attractant pheromone of the common cutworm moth Agrotis fucosa Butler: field evaluation. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 15:167-174.
 
Wakamura, S. 1985. Identification of sex-pheromone components of the podborer, Matsumuraeses falcana (Walshingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 20:189-198.
 
Wakamura, S. 1987. Sex pheromone of the beet armyworm, Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Field attraction of male moths in Japan to (Z,E)-9,12-tetradecadienyl acetate and (Z)-9-tetradecen-1-ol. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 22:348-351.
 
Wakamura, S., and Arakaki, N. 2004. Sex pheromone components of pyralid moths Terastia subjectalis and Agathodes ostentalis feeding on the coral tree, Erithrina variegata: Two sympatric species share common components in different ratios. Chemoecology. 14:181-185.
 
Wakamura, S., and Kegasawa, K. 1986b. Sex pheromone of the podborer, Matsumuraeses falcana (Walshingham) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): activity of the third component, (E,Z)-7,9-dodecadienyl acetate, and 3-component formulation. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 21:334-339.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., and Kinjo, K. 2005b. Sex pheromone components of an olethreutid moth, Strepsicrates semicanella (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), a pest of guava and eucalyptus in Okinawa. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 40:637-642.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., Kinjo, K., and Yasuda, T. 1998. Sex pheromone of the cotton caterpillar, Diaphania indica (Saunders) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae): Identification and field attraction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 33:429-434.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., Ono, H., and Yasui, H. 2001c. Identification of novel sex pheromone components from a tussock moth, Euproctis pulverea. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 100:109-117.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., Yamamoto, M., Hiradate, S., Yasui, H., Kinjo, K., Yasuda, T., Yamazawa, H., and Ando, T. 2005a. Sex pheromone and related compounds in the Ishigaki and Okinawa strains of the tussock moth, Orgyia postica (Walker) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae). Biosci. Biotechn. Biochem. 69:957-965.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., Yamamoto, M., Hiradate, S., Yasui, H., Yasuda, T., and Ando, T. 2001a. Posticlure: a novel trans-epoxide as a sex pheromone component of the tussock moth, Orgyia postica (Walker). Tetrahedron Lett. 42:687-689.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., Yamazawa, H., Nakajima, N., Yamamoto, M., and Ando, T. 2002. Identification of epoxyhenicoxadiene and novel diepoxy derivatives as sex pheromone components of the clear-winged tussock moth Perina nuda. J. Chem. Ecol. 28:449-467.
 
Wakamura, S., Arakaki, N., Yasuda, T., and Kawasaki, K. 1997. Sex pheromone of Statherotis discana (Felder et Rogenhofer) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), a pest of litchi leaves: identification and field attraction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 32:267-269.
 
Wakamura, S., Hattori, M., Igita, K., Yasuda, K., and Tridjaka. 1999. Sex pheromone of Etiella behrii, a pod borer of soybean in Indonesia: identification and field attraaction. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 91:413-420.
 
Wakamura, S., Ichikawa, A., Yasuda, T., Arakaki, N., and Fukumoto, T. 1996b. EAG and field responses of the male tea tussock moth, Euproctis pseudoconspersa (Strand) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) to (R)- and (S)-enantiomers and racemic mixture of 10,14-dimethylpentadecyl isobutyrate. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 31:623-625.
 
Wakamura, S., Ohno, S., Arakaki, N., Kohama, T., Haraguchi, D., and Yasui, H. 2010. Identification and field activity of the sex pheromone component of the sweetpotao vine borer moth Omphisa anastomosalis (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Appl. Entomol. Zool. 45:635-640.
 
Wakamura, S., Struble, D.L., Matsuura, H., Sato, M., and Kegasawa, K. 1986a. Sex pheromone of the black cutworm moth, Agrotis ipsilon Hufnagel (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): attractant synergist and improved formulation. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 21:299-304.
 
Wakamura, S., Tanaka, A., Yasuda, K., and Yasuda, T. 2001b. Sex pheromone of Acrolepiopsis nagaimo Yasuda (Lepidoptera: Acrolepiidae), a predominant leafminer on Chinese yam in Tottori Prefecture: identification and field attraction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 36:71-76.
 
Wakamura, S., Tanaka, H., Masumoto, Y., Sawada, H., and Toyohara, N. 2007a. Sex pheromone of the blue-striped nettle grub moth Parasa lepida (Cramer) (Lepidoptera: Limacodidae): identification and field attraction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 42:347-352.
 
Wakamura, S., Yasuda, T., Hirai, Y., Tanaka, H., Doki, T., Nasu, Y., Shibao, M., Yunotani, A., and Kadono, K. 2007b. Sex pheromone of the oriental tussock moth Artaxa subflava (Bremer) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae): identification and field attraction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 42:375-382.
 
Wakamura, S., Yasuda, T., Ichikawa, A., Fukumoto, T., and Mochizuki, F. 1994. Sex attractant pheromone of the tea tussock moth, Euproctis pseudoconspersa (Strand) (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae): identification and field attraction. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 29:403-411.
 
Wakamura, S., Yasuda, T., Watanabe, M., Kiguchi, K., Shimoda, M., and Ando, T. 1996a. Sex pheromone of the sweetpotato hornworm, Agrius convolvuli (L.) (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae): identification of a major component and its activity in a wind tunnel. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 31:171-174.
 
Wakamura, S., Yasui, H., Akino, T., Yasuda, T., Fukaya, M., Tanaka, S., Maeda, T., Arakaki, N., Nagayama, A., Sadoyama, Y., Kishita, M., Oyafuso, A., Hokama, Y., Kobayashi, A., Tarora, K., Uesato, T., Miyagi, A., and Osuga, J. 2009. Identification of (R)-2-butanol as a sex attractant pheromone of the white grub beetle, Dasylepida ishigakiensis (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), a serious sugarcane pest in the Miyako Islands of Japan. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 44:231-239.
 
Wakamura, S., Yasui, H., Shimatani, M., Tokashiki, T., Okuhira, T., Fujiwara-Tsujii, N., Ishikawa, M., Uesato, T., Zukeyama, H., and Tobaru, H. 2011. Sex pheromone of the African armyworm Spodoptera exempta (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): identification of components of the Okinawan population and formulation for population monitoring. Appl. Entomol. Zool. 46:415-420.
 
Wakefield, M.E., Bryning, G.P., Collins, L.E., and Chambers, J. 2005. Identification of attractive components of carob volatiles for the foreign grain beetle, Ahasversus advena (Waltl) (Coleoptera: Cucujidae). J. Stored Prod. Res. 41:239-253.
 
Waldow, U., and Sass, H. 1984. The attractivity of the female sex pheromone of Periplaneta americana and its components for conspecific males and males of Periplaneta australasiae in the Field. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:997-1006.
 
Walgenbach, C.A., Phillips, J.K., Burkholder, W.E., King, G.G.S., Slessor, K.N., and Mori, K. 1987. Determination of chirality in 5-hydroxy-4-methyl-3-heptanone, the aggregation pheromone of Sitophilus oryae (L.) and S. zeamais Motschulsky. J. Chem. Ecol. 13:2159-2169.
 
Walker, P.W., Allen, G.R., Davies, N.W., Smith, J.A., Molesworth, P.P., Nilsson, A., Andersson, F., and Hedenström, E. 2009. Identification, synthesis and field testing of (3Z,6Z,9Z)-3,6,9-henicosatriene, a second bioactive component of the sex pheromone of the autumn gum moth, Mnesampela privata. J. Chem. Ecol. 35:1411-1422.
 
Walker, T.W., Robert, L.L., Copeland, R.A., Githeko, A.K., Wirtz, R.A., Githure, J.I., and Klein, T.A. 1996. Field evaluation of arthropod repellents, deet and piperidine compound, AI3-37220, against Anopheles funestus and Anopheles arabiensis in western Kenya. J. Am. Mosq. Contr. Assoc. 12:172-176.
 
Wall, C., and Perry, J.N. 1981. Effects of dose and attractant on interactions between pheromone traps for the pea moth, Cydia nigricana. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 30:26-30.
 
Wall, C., Bourneville, R., Greenway, A.R., and Einhorn, J. 1987. Efficacy and stability of sex-attractant lures for Cydia nigricana (F.) and Cydia medicaginis (Kuzn.). Crop Prot. 6:7-12.
 
Wall, C., Greenway, A.G., and Burt, P.E. 1976. Electroantennographic and field responses of the pea moth, Cydia nigricana, to sex attractants and related compounds. Physiol. Entomol. 1:151-157.
 
Wallbank, B.E., and Waterhouse, D.F. 1970. The defense secretions of Polyzosteria and related cockroaches. J. Insect Physiol. 16:2081-2096.
 
Wallner, W.E., Carde, R.T., Xu, C., Weseloh, R.M., Xilin, S., Yan, J., and Schaefer, P.W. 1984. Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) attraction to disparlure enantiomers and the olefin precursor in the people's Republic of China. J. Chem. Ecol. 10:753-757.
 
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Wang, H.-L., Svensson, G.P., Rosenberg, O., Bengtsson, M., Jirle, E.V., and Löfstedt, C. 2010. Identification of the sex pheromone of the spruce seed moth, Cydia strobilella L. J. Chem. Ecol. 36:305-313.
 
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Warthen, J.D., Jr., Uebel, E.C., Lusby, W.R., and Adler, V.E. 1981. The cuticular lipids of the walkingstick, Diapheromera femorata (Say). Insect Biochem. 11:467-472.
 
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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
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