Bedoukian     Laser Vibrometer


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« Previous SpeciesPhyllophaga affabilis    Next SpeciesPhyllophaga apicata »

Semiochemicals of Phyllophaga anxia, the Cranberry white grub

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Uniramia
Class:  Insecta
Order:  Coleoptera
Family:  Scarabaeidae
Subfamily:  Melolonthinae
Genus:  Phyllophaga
Tribe:  Melolonthini
Author:  LeConte
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Distribution: Google



Bedoukain


Semiochemical(s):

  Robbins PS  2009  J. Chem. Ecol.  35: 336   
    l-isoleucine methyl ester    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Robbins PS  2006a  J. Insect Sci.  6: 39   
    l-valine methyl ester    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
North America 
    l-isoleucine methyl ester    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Alm SR  2004  J. Econ. Entomol.  97: 1983   
    l-valine methyl ester    80 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Rhode Island 
    l-isoleucine methyl ester    20 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Zhang AJ  1997  J. Chem. Ecol.  23: 231   
    l-valine methyl ester    3 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    l-isoleucine methyl ester    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Poprawski TJ  1992  J. Appl. Entomol.  114: 305   
    caproic acid    1 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Canada 
 

Reference(s):

Robbins, P.S., Nojima, S., Polavarapu, S., Koppenhfer, A.M., Rodriguez-Saona, C., Holdcraft, R.J., Consolie, N.H., Peck, D.C., and Roelofs, W.L. 2009. Sex pheromone of the scarab beetle Phyllophaga (Phytalus) georgiana (Horn). J. Chem. Ecol. 35:336-341.
 
Robbins, P.S., Alm, S.R., Armstrong, C.D., Averill, A.L., Baker, T.C., Bauernfeind, R.J., Baxendale, F.P., Braman, S.K., Brandenburg, R.L., Cash, D.B., Couch, G.J., Cowles, R.S., Crocker, R.L., DeLamar, Z.D., Dittl, T.G., Fitzpatrick, S.M., Flanders, K.L., Forgatsch, T., Gibb, T.J., Gill, B.D., Gilrein, D.O., Gorsuch, C.S., Hammond, A.M., Hastings, P.D., Held, D.W., Heller, P.R., Hiskes, R.T., Holliman, J.L., Hudson, W.G., Klein, M.G., Krischik, V.L., Lee, D.J., Linn, Jr. C.E., Luce, N.J., MacKenzie, K.E., Mannion, C.M., Polavarapu, S., Potter, D.A., Roelofs, W.L., Royals, B.M., Salsbury, G.A., Schiff, N.M., Shetlar, D.J., Skinner, M., Sparks, B.L., Sutschek, J.A., Sutschek, T.P., Swier, S.R., Sylvia, M.M., Vickers N.J., Vittum, P.J., Weidman, R.B., Weber, D.C., Williamson, R.C., Villan,i M.G. 2006a. Trapping Phyllophaga spp. (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) with sex attractants in the United States and Canada. J. Insect Sci. 6:39-163.
 
Alm, S.R., Dawson, C.G., and Robbins, P. 2004. Optimization of a valine: isoleucine methyl ester pheromone blend and comparison of robbin and trece traps for capture of Phyllophaga anxia (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in Rhode Island. J. Econ. Entomol. 97:1983-1986.
 
Zhang, A.J., Robbins, P.S., Leal, W.S., Linn, C.E., Jr., Villani, M.G., Roelofs, W.L. 1997. Essential amino acid methyl esters: major sex pheromone components of the cranberry white grub, Phyllophaga anxia (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). J. Chem. Ecol. 23:231-245.
 
Poprawski, T.J., and Yule, W.N. 1992. Field assays to determine attractancy of natural and synthetic lures to Phyllophaga anxia (LeConte) (Col., Scarabaeidae). J. Appl. Entomol. 114:305-314.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
2003-2014 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 22-February-2014