Bedoukian     Laser Vibrometer


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« Previous SpeciesRhinotus purpureus    Next SpeciesRhipicephalus compositus »

Semiochemicals of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus, the Brown ear tick

Phylum:  Arthropoda
Subphylum:  Chelicerata
Class:  Arachnida
Order:  Ixodida
Family:  Amblyommidae
Subfamily:  Rhipicephalinae
Genus:  Rhipicephalus
Tribe:   Rhipicephalini
Author:  Neumann
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Distribution: Google



Bedoukain


Semiochemical(s):

  Birkett MA  2011  Phytochem.  72: 109   
    4aS7S7aR-nepetalactone    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
 
  Bryson NR  2000  Exp. Appl. Acarol.  55: 135   
    2-nitrophenol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   A
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
L
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
South Africa 
    methyl salicylate    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    pelargonic acid    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    CO2    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Ndungu M  1995  Entomol. Exp. Appl.  76: 217   
    alpha-terpineol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   Al
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
Repellent 
    12-2Kt    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  McDowell PG  1986  J. Chem. Ecol.  12: 69   
    2cl6cl-phenol    Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
M&F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 
  Wood WF  1975a  J. Chem. Ecol.  1: 501   
    phenol    4.5-13 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active   P
Category of the chemical signal
A -   Attractant
Al -   Allomone
K -   Kairomone
P -   Pheromone
Sy -   Synomone
 
F
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
ng
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
    p-cresol    3.5 Relative ratio of the component   (*) indicates that compound is active    
Source of the chemical signal
F -   Female
H -   Host (could be of plant or animal origin)
L -   Lure
M -   Male
M&F -   Male and Female
S -   Solider
Q -   Queen
W -   Worker
 
Amount
pg -   Picogram
ng -   Nanogram
g -   Microgram
mg -   Milligram
g -   Gram
 
 
 

Reference(s):

Birkett, M.A., Hassanali, A., Hoglund, S., Pettersson, J., and Pickett, J.A. 2011. Repellent activity of catmint, Nepeta cataria, and iridoid nepetalactone isomers against Afro-tropical mosquitoes, ixodid ticks and red poultry mites. Phytochem. 72:109-114.
 
Bryson, N.R., Horak, I.G., Venter, E.H., and Yunker, C.E. 2000. Collection of free-living nymphs and adults of Amblyomma hebraeum (Acari: Ixodidae) with pheromone/carbon dioxide traps at 5 different ecological sites in heartwater endemic regions of South Africa. Exp. Appl. Acarol. 24:971-982.
 
Ndungu, M., Lwande, W., Hassanali, A., Moreka, L., and Chhabra, S.C. 1995. Cleome monophylla essential oil and its constituents as tick (Rhipicephalus appendiculatus) and maize weevil (Sitophilus zeamais) repellents. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 76:217-222.
 
McDowell, P.G., and Waladde, S.M. 1986. 2,6-dichlorophenol in the tick Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann a reappraisal. J. Chem. Ecol. 12:69-81.
 
Wood, W.F., Leahy, M.G., Galun, R., Prestwich, G.D., Meinwald, J., Purnell, R.E., and Payne, R.C. 1975a. Phenols as pheromones of ixodid ticks: a general phenomenon? J. Chem. Ecol. 1:501-509.
 
 
Citation: El-Sayed AM 2014. The Pherobase: Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <http://www.pherobase.com>.
2003-2014 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Insect Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
Page created on 22-February-2014