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Semiochemicals & Taxa


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Application of semiochemicals to control Choristoneura fumiferana, the Eastern spruce budworm

Mating disruption


Caro, J.H., Bierl, B.A., Freeman, H.P., Sonnet, P.E., Wiesner, C.J., Silk, P.J., Tan, S.H., and Fullarton, S. 1980. Monitoring of atmospheric concentrations of the sex pheromone of the spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). C

Palaniswamy, P., Ross, R.J., Seabrook, W.D., Lonergan, G.C., Wiesner, C.J., Tan, S.H., and Silk, P.J. 1982. Mating suppression of caged spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) moths in different pheromone atmospheres and high population densities. J. Ec

Ross, R.J., Seabrook, W.D., Lonergan, G.C., Palaniswamy, P., and Ponder, B. 1982. Effects of blends of sex pheromone isomers on mating and electroantennograms of spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 114:1143-1149.

Sanders, C.J. 1975. Disruption of mating behavior of the spruce budworm in air permeated by synthetic sex attractant. Res. Notes. 31:10-12.

Sanders, C.J. 1976. Disruption of sex attraction in the eastern spruce budworm. Environ. Entomol. 5:868-872.

Sanders, C.J. 1981. Spruce budworm: effects of different blends of sex pheromone components on disruption of male attraction. Experientia. 37:1176-1178.

Sanders, C.J. 1995. Disruption of male spruce budworm orientation to female moths by pheromone and pheromone analogues in a wind tunnel. Physiol. Entomol. 20:71-80.

Sanders, C.J. 1996. Effects of prolonged exposure to different concentrations of synthetic pheromone on mating disruption of spruce budworm moths in a wind tunnel. Can. Entomol. 128:57-66.

Schmidt, J.O., and Seabrook, W.D. 1979. Mating of caged spruce budworm moths in pheromone environments. J. Econ. Entomol. 72:509-511.

Schmidt, J.O., Seabrook, W.D., Lonergan, G., Oda, T., Darvesh, S., and Valenta, Z. 1980. Effects of pheromone, pheromone components, and pheromone analogues on mating of the spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 112:605-608.

Schmidt, J.O., Seabrook, W.D., Ross, R.J., Darvesh, S., and Lonergan, G. 1980. Spruce budworm: roles of pheromone components and analogues in male disruption and attraction. Experientia. 36:222-223.

Silk, P.J., Kuenen, L.P.S., and Lonergan, G.C. 1985. A biologically active analogue of the primary sex-pheromone components of spruce budworm, Choristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae). Can. Entomol. 117:257-260.



Dimond, J.B., Mott, D.G., Kemp, W.P., and Krall, J.H. 1984. A field test of mating-suppression using the spruce budworm sex pheromone. Techn. Bull. 113:21.

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Citation: El-Sayed AM 2018. The Pherobase: Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. <>.
2003-2018 The Pherobase - Extensive Database of Pheromones and Semiochemicals. Ashraf M. El-Sayed.
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